In five dogs correlation was studied of heart rate (HR) and motor component of conditioned avoidance reflex (CAR), elaborated by Petropavlovskiĭ method. Stable CAR was expressed in lifting and long (not less than 5-10 sec) holding of the paw on definite height (5-10 cm) for the avoidance of painful electrocutaneous paw stimulation in response to conditioned acoustic stimulus. The level of defensive excitation, evaluated by heart rate change was maximum before the beginning of the conditioned motor reaction. Immediately after lifting and placing the paw in the zone of security a sharp decrease of defensive excitation level ("drive" reduction) took place. Intertrial motor reactions of two types were revealed. The first type imitated the conditioned motor reaction, the second one the usual phasic bending of the paw. Against the background of intertrial movement of the first, operant type a decrease of defensive motivation took similarity as it occurred against the background of CAR during the performance response.