The concept of jihād in pre-Islamic Syrian Christian and early Sufi Muslim writings

  title={The concept of jihād in pre-Islamic Syrian Christian and early Sufi Muslim writings},
  author={J. D'alton},
In the Arabic version of the account of Jesus’s agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus engages in a struggle or jihād. This use by Christians of what today is a highly controversial Islamic term that is usually associated with terrorism appears incongruous. The Christian Arabic translator’s choice of jihād to mean an inner spiritual struggle raises many questions about the pre-Islamic Christian understandings of the concept especially among Syrian ascetics. It also suggests a greater level of… Expand


The Past and the Future in Christian–Muslim Relations
Abstract Despite their claims to be religions of peace, Christianity and Islam each have a history of considerable violence, based on scriptural precedents that are taken as sanctions forExpand
Rethinking Islamism: The Ideology of the New Terror
Despite increasingly frantic calls - especially after the London bombings of July 7, 2005 - for western leaders to 'understand Islam better', there is a still a critical distinction that needs to beExpand
Envisioning Islam: Syriac Christians and the Early Muslim World
as constitutive of Islam. Not only does Ahmed fail to engage with the rich views of prominent and influential Isma‘ili thinkers such as Abū H ātim al-Rāzī, the Ikhwān al-S afāʾ, Abū YaʿqūbExpand
The Mujaddid of His Age: Al-Ghazali And His Inner Spiritual Journey
Imam al-Ghazali has been regarded as the mujaddid (the reviver or the Islamic reformer) of the 5th century AH of Islam, and has been credited with various titles, of which the most famous is asExpand
A Common Vision: John Cassian and al-Ghazali's Correlative Conceptions of the Spiritual Life
This article explores common ground between understandings of the spiritual life held by the fourth-century Desert Father John Cassian and the eleventh-century Sufi mystic al-Ghazali. Both refer toExpand
The Barbarian Plain: Saint Sergius between Rome and Iran
During the fifth and sixth centuries A.D. there arose on the Euphrates frontier, between the empires of Rome and Iran, a city girded with glittering gypsum walls. Within these walls stood a greatExpand
The Etymological Fallacy And Qur’Anic Studies: Muhammad, Paradise, And Late Antiquity
Despite the modest declared claims of etymology, Barr documents and describes what might be called the "etymological fallacy" that underpins many of the scholarly approaches to biblical words.Expand
Studies in Early Mysticism in the Near and Middle East
This is an exploration of the relationship between the rise and development of a mysical element in Islam, known as Sufism, and the mysticism that was already to be found within the Christian ChurchExpand
Charisma and Spirituality in the Early Church: A Study of Messalianism and Pseudo-Macarius
The thesis is an investigation into the concept of Charisma and Spirituality in the Early Church with particular emphasis upon the writings of Ps-Macarius, and of a group of ascetics known as theExpand
The first direct encounter of the two cultures took place soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632. The first Caliph, AbuBakr, who became the head of the Muslim umma, initiated theExpand