The concentrations of phthalates in settled dust in Bulgarian homes in relation to building characteristic and cleaning habits in the family

  title={The concentrations of phthalates in settled dust in Bulgarian homes in relation to building characteristic and cleaning habits in the family},
  author={Barbara Kolarik and Carl-Gustaf Bornehag and Kiril Georgiev Naydenov and Jan Sundell and Petra Stavova and Ole Faurskov Nielsen},
  journal={Atmospheric Environment},
Phthalates in indoor dust in Kuwait: implications for non-dietary human exposure.
The difference in exposure estimates between children and adults in this study supports previous reports that children are at greater risk from pollutants that accumulate indoors.
Comparative assessment of human exposure to phthalate esters from house dust in China and the United States.
Dietary intake is the main source of exposure to DEHP (especially in China), whereas dermal exposure was a major source for DEP.
Phthalates in House and Dormitory Dust: Occurrence, Human Exposure and Risk Assessment
  • Shen XuChao Li
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
  • 2020
Except for adults, the CR of DEHP for four subgroups (infants, toddlers, children, and teenagers) had exceeded the limitation, implying that they are at the risk of exposure to DEHP through dust ingestion.


The Association between Phthalates in Dust and Allergic Diseases among Bulgarian Children
This study shows an association between concentration of DEHP in indoor dust and wheezing among preschool children in Bulgaria.
Concentration of phthalate esters found in homes of healthy and allergic children
Investigation of the effect of the indoor environment on the prevalence of allergy and asthma among children in Bulgaria and Greenland confirmed the findings from an ongoing study in Sweden, showing higher mean concentrations of DEHP and BBzP in homes of cases in comparison to healthy children.
Occurrence of phthalates and musk fragrances in indoor air and dust from apartments and kindergartens in Berlin (Germany).
The phthalate and musk compounds load in a sample of apartments and kindergartens were low with a typical distribution pattern in air and household dust, but without a significant correlation between air and dust concentration.
Phthalate levels in Norwegian indoor air related to particle size fraction.
The analyses indicate that tyre wear was of minor importance for indoor levels of both DBP as well as total phthalates, which supports the notion that inhalation of indoor PM contributes to the totalphthalate exposure.
Prenatal exposures to phthalates among women in New York City and Krakow, Poland.
The results demonstrate considerable phthalate exposures during pregnancy among women in these two cohorts and indicate that inhalation is an important route of exposure.
The Association between Asthma and Allergic Symptoms in Children and Phthalates in House Dust: A Nested Case–Control Study
Phthalates, within the range of what is normally found in indoor environments, are associated with allergic symptoms in children, and these associations can be explained by a combination of chemical physical properties and toxicologic potential.
What Are the Sources of Exposure to Eight Frequently Used Phthalic Acid Esters in Europeans?
The scenario‐based approach chosen in the present study provides a link between the knowledge on emission sources of phthalates and the concentrations ofphthalate metabolites found in human urine, which demonstrates that exposure of infant and adult consumers is caused by different sources in many cases.
Phthalates, alkylphenols, pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and other endocrine-disrupting compounds in indoor air and dust.
This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual EDCs and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies.
Residential exposure to plasticizers and its possible role in the pathogenesis of asthma.
Evidence is provided that inhalation exposure to DEHP as aerosols adsorbed to particulate matter is as important, or more important, than vapor phase exposure.