The complete sequence of the genomic RNA of an isolate of Lily virus X (LVX) has been determined for the first time. The isolate from the Netherlands was 5823 nucleotide (nt) long excluding the 3′-poly(A) tail, making it the shortest reported potexvirus sequence. The 5′-non-coding region begins with GGAAAA like that of Scallion virus X (ScaVX) and some isolates of Cymbidium mosaic virus (CymMV), whereas those of other sequenced potexviruses probably all begin with GAAAA. The genome organisation was similar to that of other members of the genus except that a TGBp3-like region lacked a normal AUG start codon. A phylogenetic analysis based on the entire coding sequence showed that LVX was most closely related to Strawberry mild yellow edge virus and belonged in a subgroup of the genus that also contains CymMV, Narcissus mosaic virus, ScaVX, Pepino mosaic virus, Potato aucuba mosaic virus and White clover mosaic virus.