Platypharodon extremus Herzenstein, 1891 (Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae), is a monotypic genus species only found in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau of China. Due to human disturbance and related environmental change since the 1950s, the population of P. extremus declined rapidly. As a result, it was listed in the China Red Data Book of Endangered Animal and the China's Protected Species Priority List. There exist very limited researches done on P. extremus. The poor understanding of this species limits the effective protection on this species. Here, we determined the complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of P. extremus. The results show that the mitogenome is 16,651 bp in length, which includes 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes, and two non-coding regions: control region (D-loop) and origin of light-strand replication (OL). These baseline mitogenomic data provided by this study will facilitate the studies on P. extremus in genetics, developmental biology and conservation biology in the future.