The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains

  title={The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains},
  author={Kay Pr{\"u}fer and Fernando Racimo and Nick J. Patterson and Flora Jay and Sriram Sankararaman and Susanna Sawyer and Anja Heinze and Gabriel Renaud and Peter Sudmant and Cesare de Filippo and Heng Li and Swapan Mallick and Michael Dannemann and Qiaomei Fu and Martin Kircher and Martin Kuhlwilm and Michael Lachmann and Matthias Meyer and Matthias Ongyerth and Michael F. Siebauer and Christoph Theunert and Arti Tandon and Priya G. Moorjani and Joseph K. Pickrell and James C. Mullikin and Samuel H. Vohr and Richard E. Green and Ines Hellmann and Philip L. F. Johnson and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Blanch{\'e} and Howard M. Cann and Jacob O. Kitzman and Jay Shendure and Evan E. Eichler and Ed S Lein and Trygve Bakken and Liubov V. Golovanova and Vladimir B. Doronichev and Michael V. Shunkov and Anatoli P. Derevianko and B. Viola and Montgomery Slatkin and David E. Reich and Janet Kelso and Svante P{\"a}{\"a}bo},
We present a high-quality genome sequence of a Neanderthal woman from Siberia. We show that her parents were related at the level of half-siblings and that mating among close relatives was common among her recent ancestors. We also sequenced the genome of a Neanderthal from the Caucasus to low coverage. An analysis of the relationships and population history of available archaic genomes and 25 present-day human genomes shows that several gene flow events occurred among Neanderthals, Denisovans… CONTINUE READING
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