OBJECTIVE To study the basic information of life way disease and the corresponding risk factors of behavior in the community of Peking University Health Science Center, understand the background issue and social support system, and analyze the requirement for community health service so that the critical issue for health can be dealt with and the comprehensive program of prevention and treatment of the disease can be accordingly supplied. METHODS The random face to face questionnaire about life way disease and risk factors in 1051 residents over 6 years of age in the community of Peking University Health Science Center was conducted according to the typical sampling principle in 1 primary school, 1 middle school, 1 university and its community, and the investigations of health data from the hospital and the police office in the community were also conducted through discussing about life ways risk factors. Accordingly , the data obtained by way of EXCEL were analyzed and processed using SPSS 11.5. RESULTS Diagnostic data of demography, epidemiology, behavior environment, education and organization were obtained concerning the public health of the Peking University Health Science Center community. CONCLUSION The key health issue in the Peking University Health Science Center community is significantly influenced by the bad way of life. And some behavior risk factors, such as fatness, lack of outdoor exercise in the community members. Thus, the major necessary health service of Peking University Health Science Center residents is to carry out a comprehensive management program of life way disease for the whole people.