The communication of emotion via touch.

@article{Hertenstein2009TheCO,
  title={The communication of emotion via touch.},
  author={Matthew J. Hertenstein and Rachel Holmes and Margaret E. McCullough and Dacher Keltner},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2009},
  volume={9 4},
  pages={
          566-73
        }
}
The study of emotional communication has focused predominantly on the facial and vocal channels but has ignored the tactile channel. Participants in the current study were allowed to touch an unacquainted partner on the whole body to communicate distinct emotions. Of interest was how accurately the person being touched decoded the intended emotions without seeing the tactile stimulation. The data indicated that anger, fear, disgust, love, gratitude, and sympathy were decoded at greater than… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The effect of relationship status on communicating emotions through touch

The present study compared the ability of romantic couples and strangers to communicate emotions solely via touch and showed that both strangers and romantic couples were able to communicate universal and prosocial emotions, whereas only romantic couples was able to communication the self-focused emotions envy and pride.

Nonverbal channel use in communication of emotion: how may depend on why.

Analysis of channel-emotion correspondences suggests that the social function of an emotion predicts its primary channel: the body channel promotes social-status emotions, the face channel supports survival emotions, and touch supports intimate emotions.

Perception of congruent facial and kinesthetic expressions of emotions

The experimental results show that subjects used visual and kinesthetic feedbacks to evaluate the pleasure and the arousal dimensions, respectively, and a link between the recognition rate of emotions expressed with the visual modality and the magnitude of that emotion's pleasure dimension is observed.

Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms Involved in Interactions between Touch and Emotion

This chapter aims to illustrate the cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie interactions between touch and emotion.

Towards tactile expressions of emotion through mediated touch

The Tactile Sleeve for Social Touch, a wearable sleeve that consists of a pressure sensitive input layer, and a vibration motor output layer, is used to investigate if participants could make meaningful distinctions in their tactile expressions of the emotions.

Combining Facial Expression and Touch for Perceiving Emotional Valence

Analyses showed that the participants usually integrated both visual and touch information to evaluate the emotional valence, with nonsystematic predominance of each modality over the other modality.

Cross-Cultural Study of Tactile Interactions in Technologically Mediated Communication

Results show that squeezing and shaking are the most popular chosen hand gesture interaction and Gesture intensity and speed follow the arousal (intensity) and temperature follows the valence (pleasure).

The Nonverbal Communication of Positive Emotions: An Emotion Family Approach

  • D. Sauter
  • Psychology
    Emotion review : journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
  • 2017
This review provides an overview of the research on nonverbal expressions of positive emotions, organised into emotion families, that is, clusters sharing common characteristics, and finds little support for distinct recognisable signals of the savouring positive emotions.

Emotion Perception from Face, Voice, and Touch: Comparisons and Convergence

Understanding the Effect of Speed on Human Emotion Perception in Mediated Social Touch Using Voice Coil Actuators

Touch as a modality in social communication has been getting more attention with recent developments in wearable technology and an increase in awareness of how limited physical contact can lead to
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES

Emotion Regulation Via Maternal Touch.

The results suggest that infants' emotions may be elicited by specific parameters of touch.

Communication of emotions in vocal expression and music performance: different channels, same code?

A review of 104 studies of vocal expression and 41 studies of music performance reveals similarities between the 2 channels concerning (a) the accuracy with which discrete emotions were communicated to listeners and (b) the emotion-specific patterns of acoustic cues used to communicate each emotion.

The Communicative Functions of Touch in Humans, Nonhuman Primates, and Rats: A Review and Synthesis of the Empirical Research

The authors highlighted the importance of touch by reviewing and synthesizing the literatures pertaining to the communicative functions served by touch among humans, nonhuman primates, and rats.

Measurement of the Sensory Qualities in Tactile Interaction

The validity and reliability of a measure of the sensory qualities of touch: the Tactile Interaction Index (Ill) was determined and evidence that individuals who reported greater amounts of touch in their lives and more satisfaction with touch they experienced as a child received TII scores indicating more extensive and more varied use oftouch in observed interactions was supported.

Acoustic profiles in vocal emotion expression.

Findings on decoding replicate earlier findings on the ability of judges to infer vocally expressed emotions with much-better-than-chance accuracy, including consistently found differences in the recognizability of different emotions.

Relation of sympathy and personal distress to prosocial behavior: a multimethod study.

Heart rate deceleration during exposure to the needy others was associated with increased willingness to help, and adults' reports of sympathy, as well as facial sadness and concerned attention, were positively related to their intention to assist.

On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: a meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis examined emotion recognition within and across cultures, finding emotions were universally recognized at better-than-chance levels and cross-cultural accuracy was lower in studies that used a balanced research design, and higher in Studies that used imitation rather than posed or spontaneous emotional expressions.

A naturalistic study of the meanings of touch

The present study employed an adapted version of the contextual analysis method developed by Scheflen and others to examine the meanings‐in‐context of touches reported by persons from their daily

Handbook of affective sciences.

This volume brings together, for the first time, the various strands of inquiry and latest research in the scientific study of the relationship between the mechanisms of the brain and the psychology