The coming of the Greeks to Provence and Corsica: Y-chromosome models of archaic Greek colonization of the western Mediterranean

@article{King2010TheCO,
  title={The coming of the Greeks to Provence and Corsica: Y-chromosome models of archaic Greek colonization of the western Mediterranean},
  author={Roy J. King and Julie Di Cristofaro and Anastasia Kouvatsi and Costas D. Triantaphyllidis and Walter Scheidel and Natalie M. Myres and Alice A. Lin and Alexandre Eissautier and Michael Mitchell and Didier Binder and Ornella Semino and Andrea Novelletto and Peter A. Underhill and Jacques Chiaroni},
  journal={BMC Evolutionary Biology},
  year={2010},
  volume={11},
  pages={69 - 69}
}
BackgroundThe process of Greek colonization of the central and western Mediterranean during the Archaic and Classical Eras has been understudied from the perspective of population genetics. To investigate the Y chromosomal demography of Greek colonization in the western Mediterranean, Y-chromosome data consisting of 29 YSNPs and 37 YSTRs were compared from 51 subjects from Provence, 58 subjects from Smyrna and 31 subjects whose paternal ancestry derives from Asia Minor Phokaia, the ancestral… 

A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean

A geographically structured sampling of seven subclades of haplogroup J in Turkey, Greece and Italy provided strong temporal and distributional evidence for markers of the Greek settlement of Magna Graecia and Phoenician migrations.

Title : The Greeks in the West : genetic signatures of the Hellenic colonization in southern Italy and Sicily

High-resolution surveys of the variability at the uni-parentally inherited Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA in selected samples of putative source and recipient populations are combined with forward-in-time simulations of alternative demographic models to detect signatures of that impact.

The Greeks in the West: genetic signatures of the Hellenic colonisation in southern Italy and Sicily

High-resolution surveys of the variability at the uni-parentally inherited Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA in selected samples of putative source and recipient populations are combined with forward-in-time simulations of alternative demographic models to detect signatures of that impact.

Ancient Migratory Events in the Middle East: New Clues from the Y-Chromosome Variation of Modern Iranians

AMOVA analysis revealed that language, in addition to geography, has played an important role in shaping the nowadays Iranian gene pool, useful for depicting a more comprehensive history of the peoples of this area as well as for reconstructing ancient migration routes.

Origin and introduction history of the least weasel (Mustela nivalis) on Mediterranean and Atlantic islands inferred from genetic data

Considering geographic proximity and historical information, the most parsimonious explanation for the origin of the Atlantic weasels appears to be introduction from the Balearic Islands to the Azores and from there to São Tomé, which is best explained by a dual colonization originating from the Eastern Mediterranean.

Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements

Analyses of Cypriot haplogroup data are consistent with two stages of prehistoric settlement, compatible with Late Bronze Age influences from Anatolia rather than from Mycenaean Greeks.

Prehistoric migrations through the Mediterranean basin shaped Corsican Y-chromosome diversity

The high level of genetic diversity in Corsican populations is confirmed and backs genetic contributions from prehistoric migrations associated with the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Metal Age eras, rather than from historical movements to Corsica.

Weaving Mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome Variation in the Panamanian Genetic Canvas

Compared to a new sample collection from 431 individuals belonging to either the general population, mixed groups, or one of five Indigenous groups currently living in Panama, different proportions of paternal and maternal lineages in the Indigenous groups testifying to pre-contact demographic events and genetic inputs that created genetic structure are found.

Reconstructing the genetic history of Italians: new insights from a male (Y-chromosome) perspective

A complex genetic structure reflecting the multifaceted peopling pattern of the Peninsula emerged: southern populations show high similarity with those from the Middle East and Southern Balkans, while those from Northern Italy are close to populations of North-Western Europe and the Northern Balkans.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES

Differential Greek and northern African migrations to Sicily are supported by genetic evidence from the Y chromosome

T traces of genetic flows occurred in Sicily, due to ancient Greek colonization and to northern African contributions, are still visible on the basis of the distribution of some lineages, and the presence of a modal haplotype coming from the southern Balkan Peninsula supports a common genetic heritage between Sicilians and Greeks.

Differential Y‐chromosome Anatolian Influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic

Two distinctive haplogroups have demographic properties consistent with Bronze Age expansions in Crete, arguably from NW/W Anatolia and Syro‐Palestine, while a later mainland contribution to Crete is indicated by relative frequencies of V13.

A major Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b Holocene era founder effect in Central and Western Europe

Within the M412 dichotomy, the major S116 sub-clade shows a frequency peak in the upper Danube basin and Paris area with declining frequency toward Italy, Iberia, Southern France and British Isles, and more complex pre-Neolithic scenarios remain possible for the L23(xM412) components in Southeast Europe and elsewhere.

Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in southeast Europe

Balkan Mesolithic foragers with their own autochthonous genetic signatures were destined to become the earliest to adopt farming, when it was subsequently introduced by a cadre of migrating farmers from the Near East.

Identifying genetic traces of historical expansions: Phoenician footprints in the Mediterranean.

Tracing past human male movements in northern/eastern Africa and western Eurasia: new clues from Y-chromosomal haplogroups E-M78 and J-M12.

The geographic and quantitative analyses of haplogroup and microsatellite diversity is strongly suggestive of a northeastern African origin of E-M78, with a corridor for bidirectional migrations between northeastern and eastern Africa and trans-Mediterranean migrations directly from northern Africa to Europe.

Origin, diffusion, and differentiation of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J: inferences on the neolithization of Europe and later migratory events in the Mediterranean area.

The phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J was investigated in >2400 subjects from 29 populations, mainly from Europe and the Mediterranean area but also from Africa and Asia, revealing spatial patterns that are consistent with a Levantine/Anatolian dispersal route to southeastern Europe.

The genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in extant Europeans: a Y chromosome perspective.

A significant correlation between the NRY haplotype data and principal components based on 95 protein markers was observed, indicating the effectiveness of NRY binary polymorphisms in the characterization of human population composition and history.

Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia

This comprehensive characterization of Y-chromosome heritage addresses many multifaceted aspects of Anatolian prehistory, including: the most frequent haplogroup, J, splits into two sub-clades, one of which (J2) shows decreasing variances with increasing latitude, compatible with a northward expansion.