The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks

@article{Dwyer2004TheCE,
  title={The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks},
  author={G. Neil Dwyer and Jonathan Dushoff and Susan Yee},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2004},
  volume={430},
  pages={341-345}
}
The economic damage caused by episodic outbreaks of forest-defoliating insects has spurred much research, yet why such outbreaks occur remains unclear. Theoretical biologists argue that outbreaks are driven by specialist pathogens or parasitoids, because host–pathogen and host–parasitoid models show large-amplitude, long-period cycles resembling time series of outbreaks. Field biologists counter that outbreaks occur when generalist predators fail, because predation in low-density defoliator… CONTINUE READING