The clinical significance of a failed initial intubation attempt during emergency department resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients.


OBJECTIVE Advanced airway management is one of the fundamental skills of advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). A failed initial intubation attempt (FIIA) is common and has shown to be associated with adverse events. We analysed the association between FIIA and the overall effectiveness of ACLS. METHODS Using emergency department (ED) out-of-hospital… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.01.017


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