[The clinical application of compression hemostasis with an arc-shaped transperineal incision in front of the apex of coccyx in controlling presacral venous plexus hemorrhage during rectectomy].

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of compression hemostasis with an arc-shaped transperineal incision in front of the apex of coccyx in controlling presacral venous plexus hemorrhage during rectectomy. METHODS From October 2002 to October 2012, 52 patients with rectal cancer received neoadjuvant radiotherapy and developed presacral venous plexus hemorrhage during rectectomy, included 36 male and 26 female cases. Their age were 36-65 years. The hemostasis time and blood loss were analyzed. RESULTS All 52 patients achieved R0 resection. Of which 13 patients achieved suture hemostasis within 15 minutes, whereas 22 patients unsuccessfully treated within 15 minutes received compression hemostasis with an arc-shaped transperineal incision in front of the apex of coccyx. The median blood loss was (196 ± 44)ml and hospitalization time was (15.2 ± 1.7)days in this group. Additionally, 7 patients achieved suture hemostasis within 20 minutes except 4 patients who received compression hemostasis, with a median blood loss of (1016 ± 86)ml and hospitalization time of (21.7 ± 6.3)days. Other 6 patients achieved suture hemostasis within 30 minutes except 3 patients who received compression hemostasis, with a median blood loss of (2508 ± 73)ml and the hospitalization time was (28.8 ± 3.3)days. There was statistically significant difference of bleeding (F = 4289.562) and hospitalization time (F = 50.121) in 3 groups of patients (P = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS Once intraoperative presacral venous plexus hemorrhage can't be stopped timely, compression hemostasis with an arc-shaped transperineal incision in front of the apex of coccyx is an effective alternative for the patients with rectal cancer who received neoadjuvant radiotherapy.

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2013TheCA, title={[The clinical application of compression hemostasis with an arc-shaped transperineal incision in front of the apex of coccyx in controlling presacral venous plexus hemorrhage during rectectomy].}, author={Gang-cheng Wang and Guang-sen Han and Yong Cheng and Ying-jun Liu and Ying-kun Ren and Hong Wei Ge}, journal={Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]}, year={2013}, volume={51 12}, pages={1077-80} }