The chrysanthemum and the sword : patterns of Japanese culture

  title={The chrysanthemum and the sword : patterns of Japanese culture},
  author={R. Benedict},
The Japanese were the most alien enemy the United States had ever fought in an all-out struggle. In no other war with a major foe had it been necessary to take into account such exceedingly different habits of acting and thinking. Like Czarist Russia before us in 1905, we were fighting a nation fully armed and trained which did not belong to the Western cultural tradition. Conventions of war which Western nations had come to accept as facts of human nature obviously did not exist for the… Expand
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