The chronology of the Valley Enclosures: implications for the interpretation of Great Zimbabwe

  title={The chronology of the Valley Enclosures: implications for the interpretation of Great Zimbabwe},
  author={David Collett and A. E. Vines and Erica Hughes},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
The recent structuralist model of the social organization of space at Great Zimbabwe, proposed by Huffman, is critically examined in the light of new chronological data. Architectural histories of the Western and Central Valley Enclosures (Posselt and Phillips Ruins respectively) are used to show the complex changes that occur through time in the social ‘meaning’ of spatial organization. It is argued that these changes are not adequately accounted for in Huffman's model. The Western Valley… 

AMS Dates and the Chronology of Great Zimbabwe

Salvage excavations in the 1970s uncovered a sizeable commoner occupation at Great Zimbabwe, as well as evidence for the early construction of an elite stonewalled enclosure. As a result of these

A Bayesian chronology for Great Zimbabwe: re-threading the sequence of a vandalised monument

Great Zimbabwe is one of the most iconic sites in southern Africa and indeed the world, but like so many famous monuments it has suffered from the attention of early excavators who have destroyed key

No Big Brother Here: Heterarchy, Shona Political Succession and the Relationship between Great Zimbabwe and Khami, Southern Africa

In southern Africa, there has been a long-standing but unsubstantiated assumption that the site of Khami evolved out of Great Zimbabwe's demise around ad 1450. The study of local ceramics from the

Decisive Evidence for Multidirectional Evolution of Sociopolitical Complexity in Southern Africa

While pioneers of archaeology in any given region have established the foundations of the discipline, their views have not remained unchanged in places such as Europe, North America and Australasia.

Inside and outside the dry stone walls: revisiting the material culture of Great Zimbabwe

Abstract ‘Any study of Great Zimbabwe has to rely a great deal on re-examining and re-assessing the work of early investigators, the men who removed all the most important finds from the ruins and

Ritual Space in the Zimbabwe Culture

Abstract The social use of space is a worldwide phenomenon that can clarify the structures of various ancient societies. One of these, the Zimbabwe culture, embraces state-level societies dating to

Iron production in Iron Age Zimbabwe : stagnation or innovation?

In conventional reconstructions of southern African archaeology, it has been assumed implicitly or explicitly that the production of iron was unchanging for close to 1500 years. This view was

Soapstone birds in soapstone nests: ethnohistorical interpretation of the Zimbabwe birds based on sixteenth- to nineteenth-century Portuguese documents

ABSTRACT In recent years, southern African archaeological and historical studies have been experiencing a fruitful process of re-engagement, following decades in which the two disciplines appeared to

Stone architecture and the development of power in the Zimbabwe tradition AD 1270 – 1830

Within the Zimbabwe Culture, stone architecture was not a mere reflection of the existing power of élites; rather, the process of creating architecture was also one of creating élite power. Creating

New Perspectives on the Political Economy of Great Zimbabwe

This review draws from old and new archaeological data and takes interpretive flavor from indigenous African concepts to demonstrate that, within a context of local and external interfaces, Great



The Value of Imported Ceramics in the Dating and Interpretation of the Rhodesian Iron Age

  • P. Garlake
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1968
Since the start of archaeological investigation in Rhodesia, isolated sherds of imported Chinese ceramics have been found in the important Iron Age ruins of Zimbabwe, Khami and Dhlo Dhlo. More

Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the African Iron Age

The Iron Age in eastern and southern Africa extends over the last 2000 years, and, as a cultural term, designates groups of people who were metal­ using agriculturalists. Our understanding of the

Symbols in stone : unravelling the mystery of Great Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe was the largest and most important capital of a medieval Shona empire. In this booklet, a world authority presents a new interpretation of this famous African town. Using 16th-century

Expressive Space in the Zimbabwe Culture

L'A. fournit une nouvelle interpretation de l'usage des constructions de la ville prehistorique de Grand Zimbabwe (Afrique du Sud), capitale de l'empire Shona. Ces bâtiments auraient ete le siege