The chemists' electron

  title={The chemists' electron},
  author={Theodore Arabatzis and Kostas Gavroglu},
  journal={European Journal of Physics},
This paper narrates the way chemists have been using the electron to account for one of the most intriguing problems, namely the bonding of two neutral atoms to form a molecule. The chemists' attempts to account for the mechanism of the homopolar bond, first in the context of the old quantum theory and after 1926 in the context of wave mechanics, brought the specter of reductionism to physics. We argue that the chemists' successful appropriation of the electron strengthened, first, the autonomy… 
5 Citations
A point in common ? The electron in chemistry and physics 1890-1914
This paper gives a brief overview of the early history of the electron in chemistry – a period that has been generally neglected. I concentrate on experimental work, particularly that of J.J.
In between worlds: G.N. Lewis, the shared pair bond and its multifarious contexts
The rather convoluted discovery process which gave birth to the concept of the shared electron pair bond as developed by G.N. Lewis is looked at, and the complex relations between conceptual development and the different contexts in which ideas are created and presented are highlighted.
Chemical history: reviews of the recent literature
This is a set of bibliographic essays on eight topics in the history of chemistry written by nine experts in the field, aimed at an audience of chemists and teachers of science. It will also be
Creating a Symbol of Science: The Development of a Standard Periodic Table of the Elements
........................................................................................................................................................ ix LIST OF FIGURES


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  • Physics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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It has been shown that in the case of two hydrogen atoms in the normal state brought near each other the eigenfunction which is symmetric in the positional coordinates of the two electrons corresponds to a potential which causes the two atoms to combine to form a molecule.
Electronic Structures of Polyatomic Molecules and Valence. II. General Considerations
A description of electronic structures of polyatomic molecules in terms of atomic and molecular orbitals (one-electron orbital wave functions) is suggested, as follows. Unshared electrons are
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  • E. Condon
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1927
Burrau has recently carried out a numerical integration of the problem for the lowest energy level of an electron moving under the influence of two fixed centers of Coulomb attraction as a function of the distance apart of these centers.
The Atom and the Molecule
G N Lewis had thought of electrons in an atom as being arranged in the corners of a cube so that they were away from each other, minimising the Coulombic repulsion between them. He figured out from
Electronic Structures of Polyatomic Molecules and Valence VI. On the Method of Molecular Orbitals
The use of the method of nonlocalized molecular orbitals in building up a conceptual scheme or qualitative theoretical framework into which empirical data (chemical and spectroscopic) can be fitted,
Wechselwirkung neutraler Atome und homöopolare Bindung nach der Quantenmechanik
ZusammenfassungDas Kräftespiel zwischen neutralen Atomen zeigt eine charakteristische quantenmechanische Mehrdeutigkeit. Diese Mehrdeutigkeit scheint geeignet zu sein, die verschiedenen
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    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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