The characterization of Virgo data and its impact on gravitational-wave searches

@article{Aasi2012TheCO,
  title={The characterization of Virgo data and its impact on gravitational-wave searches},
  author={J. Aasi and Jean Paul Abadie and Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and Thomas Abbott and Matthew Robert Abernathy and T. Accadia and Fausto Acernese and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and R X Adhikari and Christoph Affeldt and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Annalisa Allocca and E. Amador Ceron and Daniel Amariutei and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and Stefan Ast and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and D. E. Atkinson and Peter Aufmuth and Carsten Aulbert and Benjamin Aylott and Stanislav Babak and Paul T. Baker and Giulio Ballardin and T. Ballinger and Stefan W. Ballmer and Yu Bao and J. C. B. Barayoga and Daniel H. N. Barker and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and Mark Andrew Barton and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and M. Bastarrika and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and J{\"o}ran Bauchrowitz and Th. S. Bauer and M. Bebronne and Douglas H. Beck and Beate Behnke and Michał Bejger and M. G. Beker and A. S. Bell and C. J. Bell and Ilya Belopolski and Matthew J. Benacquista and J. M. Berliner and Alessandro Bertolini and Joe Betzwieser and Nicole Beveridge and P. T. Beyersdorf and T. Bhadbade and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Jeremy Birch and Rahul Biswas and Massimiliano Bitossi and M. A. Bizouard and Eric D. Black and James Kent Blackburn and Lindy Blackburn and David G Blair and B. Bland and M. Blom and Oliver Bock and T. P. Bodiya and Christina Bogan and Charlotte Z. Bond and Ruxandra Bondarescu and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and R. G. Bork and Michael Born and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and L. Bosi and Boutayeb Bouhou and Saverio Braccini and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and Marica Branchesi and James E. Brau and J. Breyer and Tristan Briant and D. O. Bridges and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Michael Britzger and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and Jordi Burguet-Castell and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Robert L. Byer and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Paul Campsie and Kipp C. Cannon and Benjamin Canuel and J. Cao and C. D. Capano and Franco Carbognani and Ludovico Carbone and Santiago Caride and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Elisa Cesarini and Tara Chalermsongsak and Philip R. Charlton and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and W. Chen and X. Chen and Y. R. Chen and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and H. S. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Sheon S Y Chua and C. T. Y. Chung and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and Donald E. Clark and J A Clark and J. H. Clayton and F. Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and C. N. Colacino and Alberto Colla and Maria Perla Colombini and Andrea Conte and Roberto Conte and D. Cook and T. R. Corbitt and Mark Cordier and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Peter Couvares and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Jolien D. E. Creighton and Teviet Creighton and Adrian Michael Cruise and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Robert M. Cutler and Katrin Dahl and Marcin Damjanic and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Vincenzino Dattilo and Britta Daudert and H. P. Daveloza and M. Davier and E. J. Daw and Richard N. Day and Thilina Dayanga and Rosario De Rosa and Daniel B. DeBra and Gergely Debreczeni and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Walter del Pozzo and Thomas Dent and Vladimir Dergachev and R. T. Derosa and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and L. Di Fiore and Alberto Di Lieto and I. Di Palma and Maurizio Di Paolo Emilio and Angela Di Virgilio and M. C. D'iaz and Alexander Dietz and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and Steven Dorsher and M. Drago and Ronald W. P. Drever and J C Driggers and Zhihui Du and J-C. Dumas and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tobias Eberle and Matthew P. Edgar and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and Phil Ehrens and G. EndrHoczi and Ralph Engel and Taylor M. Etzel and Keith Evans and Matthew Evans and Timothy Evans and M. Factourovich and V Fafone and Stephen Fairhurst and Benjamin Farr and Marc Favata and Diego Fazi and Henning Fehrmann and David M. Feldbaum and I. Ferrante and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Lee Samuel Finn and Irene Fiori and Rebecca Fisher and R. Flaminio and Stephany Foley and Ericka Forsi and Nickolas V Fotopoulos and J.-D. Fournier and Janyce Franc and Stefaan Franco and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Maik Frede and Melissa A. Frei and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and T. T. Fricke and Daniel Friedrich and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and Masa-katsu Fujimoto and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Jonathan R. Gair and Massimo Galimberti and Luca Gammaitoni and J. Garcia and F. Garufi and M. E. G'asp'ar and G{\'a}bor Gelencs{\'e}r and Gianluca Gemme and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and L'aszl'o 'A. Gergely and S. Ghosh and Joseph A. Giaime and Stefanos Giampanis and K. D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and Sara Gil-Casanova and C. Gill and Joseph Gleason and E Goetz and Gabriela Gonz'alez and Michael L. Gorodetsky and Stefan Gossler and R. Gouaty and Christian Graef and Philip Graff and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and C. Gray and R. Justin S. Greenhalgh and A M Gretarsson and Carrie Griffo and Hartmut Grote and Katherine Grover and S. Grunewald and G. Guidi and Christopher Guido and R K Gupta and Eric K. Gustafson and Richard Gustafson and J. M. Hallam and David Hammer and Giles D. Hammond and Jonathan Hanks and Chad Hanna and James E. Hanson and A. Hardt and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and I. W. Harry and Elizabeth Harstad and Michael T. Hartman and K. Haughian and Kazuhiro Hayama and J. F. Hayau and J. W. Heefner and Antoine Heidmann and Matthew Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and Alastair Heptonstall and V. Herrera and Michele Heurs and Martin Hewitson and Stefan Hild and David Hoak and Kari Alison Hodge and K. Holt and Maurik Willem Holtrop and T. Hong and Shaun Hooper and James Hough and E J Howell and Barbara J. Hughey and Sascha Husa and S. H. Huttner and T. Huynh--Dinh and D. R. Ingram and Ra Inta and Tomoki Isogai and Andrew Ivanov and Keisuke Izumi and M. B. Jacobson and E. James and Young Joon Jang and Piotr Jaranowski and E. Jesse and W. W. Johnson and D. I. Jones and R. W. L. Jones and R. J. G. Jonker and Li Ju and Peter Kalmus and Vicky Kalogera and Shivaraj Kandhasamy and G. Kang and Jonah B. Kanner and Marie Kasprzack and Rangachar Kasturi and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and William G. Katzman and Henning Kaufer and K. A. Kaufman and Keita Kawabe and Seiji Kawamura and Fumiko Kawazoe and David Keitel and David Bruce Kelley and William P. Kells and Drew Garvin Keppel and Zolt{\'a}n Keresztes and Alexander Khalaidovski and Farid Ya. Khalili and E. A. Khazanov and B. K. Kim and C. Kim and H. Kim and K. Kim and N. G. Kim and Y. -M. Kim and P. J. King and D. L. Kinzel and J. S. Kissel and Sergey Klimenko and J. T. Kline and Keiko Kokeyama and V. T. Kondrashov and Scott Koranda and William Z Korth and Izabela Jonek Kowalska and Darby Kozak and V. Kringel and Badri Krishnan and Andrzej Kr'olak and G. Kuehn and P. Kumar and R. Kumar and R. Kurdyumov and Patrick Kwee and Ping Koy Lam and Michael Landry and A. Langley and Brian Lantz and Nico Lastzka and Craig Lawrie and Albert Lazzarini and Adrien Le Roux and Paola Leaci and C. H. Lee and H. K. Lee and H. m. Lee and Jonathan Leong and Isabel B. Leonor and Nicolas Leroy and Nicolas Letendre and Vincent Lhuillier and J. Li and T. G. F. Li and P. E. Lindquist and V. Litvine and Y. Liu and Z. Liu and N. A. Lockerbie and Deepali Lodhia and Joshua Logue and Marco Lorenzini and Vincent Loriette and Marc Lormand and Giovanni Losurdo and James Lough and M. J. Lubinski and Harald Luck and Andrew Lundgren and John Macarthur and E. P. Macdonald and Bernd Machenschalk and Myron Macinnis and D Macleod and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and Valeria Malvezzi and Na Man and Ilya Mandel and Vuk Mandic and Maddalena Mantovani and Fabio Marchesoni and F. Marion and Szabolcs M'arka and Zsuzsa M'arka and Ashot Markosyan and Edward Maros and J. Marque and F. Martelli and Iain W. Martin and R. M. Martin and J. N. Marx and K. O. Mason and A. Masserot and F. Matichard and Luca Matone and Richard A. Matzner and Nergis Mavalvala and Giulio Mazzolo and Robert McCarthy and D. E. McClelland and Scott C. McGuire and G. McIntyre and Jess McIver and Grant David Meadors and Moritz Mehmet and Torsten Meier and Andrew Melatos and Adrian C. Melissinos and Greg Mendell and D. F. Men'endez and R. A. Mercer and Sydney Meshkov and Chris Messenger and Manuel Meyer and Haixing Miao and Christophe Michel and Leopoldo Milano and J. R. Miller and Yury Minenkov and Chiara M. F. Mingarelli and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Richard K Mittleman and Brian Moe and M. Mohan and Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar Mohapatra and Daniel Moraru and Gerardo Moreno and N. Morgado and A. Morgia and Taiki Mori and S. R. Morriss and Simona Mosca and Kasem Mossavi and B. Mours and Conor M Mow-Lowry and C. L. Mueller and Guido Mueller and Subroto Mukherjee and Adam J Mullavey and Helge Muller-Ebhardt and Jesper Munch and David Murphy and P. G. Murray and Antonis Mytidis and Thomas Nash and L. Naticchioni and Valentin Necula and J. M. Nelson and Igor Neri and G. P. Newton and T. T. Nguyen and Atsushi J. Nishizawa and Alexander H. Nitz and F. Nocera and Dan Nolting and Marc Eric Normandin and Laura Nuttall and Evan Ochsner and Joseph O'Dell and Eric Oelker and G. H. Ogin and J J Oh and S. H. Oh and R. G. Oldenberg and Brian O'reilly and Richard O’Shaughnessy and Charles Osthelder and Christian D. Ott and David J. Ottaway and R. S. Ottens and Harry Overmier and Benjamin James Owen and Amanda J. Page and Luigi Palladino and Cristiano Palomba and Y. B. Pan and Federico Paoletti and Riccardo Paoletti and Maria Alessandra Papa and Maria Parisi and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and M. Pedraza and Stephen Penn and Antonio Perreca and Gianluca Persichetti and M. Phelps and Mikhael Pichot and M. Pickenpack and Francesco Piergiovanni and Vincenzo Pierro and M. Pihlaja and L. Pinard and Innocenzo M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and H. J. Pletsch and Michael V Plissi and R. Poggiani and J. I. Pold and Fabio Postiglione and C. Poux and Mirko Prato and Valeriu Predoi and Tanner Prestegard and Larry R. Price and Mirko Prijatelj and M. Principe and S. Privitera and Reinhard Prix and Giovanni Andrea Prodi and Leonid Prokhorov and Oliver Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and Volker Quetschke and Ryan Quitzow-James and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Istv'an R'acz and Hugh Radkins and Peter Raffai and Malik Rakhmanov and Celine Ramet and Brooke Rankins and P. Rapagnani and V Raymond and Virginia Re and Christine M. Reed and T. Reed and Tania Regimbau and Stuart Reid and D. H. Reitze and F. Ricci and R. Riesen and Keith Riles and Mallory S. E. Roberts and N. A. Robertson and Florent Robinet and C. A. K. Robinson and Emma L. Robinson and Alessandro Rocchi and Shaun Roddy and Carl L. Rodriguez and Michael Rodruck and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Jameson Graef Rollins and Joseph D. Romano and Rocco Romano and J. H. Romie and D. Rosi'nska and Christian Rover and Sheila Rowan and A. Rudiger and P. Ruggi and Kris Ryan and Francesco Salemi and Letizia Sammut and V. D. Sandberg and Shannon Reynier Sankar and Virginio Sannibale and Luc'ia Santamar'ia and I. Santiago-Prieto and Giovanni Santostasi and Emeline Saracco and Bangalore Sathyaprakash and Peter Saulson and Richard L. Savage and Roland Schilling and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and Bernhard Schulz and Bernard F. Schutz and P. B. Schwinberg and J. Scott and Susan M. Scott and Frank Seifert and Danny Sellers and Daniel Sentenac and A. S. Sergeev and Daniel A. Shaddock and Miroslav Shaltev and B. Shapiro and Peter Shawhan and D. H. Shoemaker and Trevor Sidery and Xavier Siemens and Daniel Sigg and Denis Simakov and Andrej Singer and Leo P. Singer and Alicia M. Sintes and G. R. Skelton and Bram J. J. Slagmolen and Jacob Slutsky and J. R. Smith and Madison R Smith and R Smith and Nicol{\'a}s Smith-Lefebvre and Kentaro Somiya and Borja Sorazu and Fiona C. Speirits and Laura Sperandio and Michael Stefszky and E. Steinert and Jessica Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and S. Steplewski and Alberto Stochino and Robert Stone and Kenneth Strain and Sergey Strigin and Alexander Stroeer and Riccardo Sturani and Amber L. Stuver and Tiffany Summerscales and Myungkee Sung and Sunil Susmithan and P. Sutton and Bas Swinkels and Gabor Szeifert and Matteo Tacca and Luca Taffarello and Dipongkar Talukder and David B. Tanner and S. P. Tarabrin and R. D. Taylor and A. P. M. ter Braack and Pieter Thomas and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Eric Thrane and Ann Thuring and C. Titsler and K. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and Alessandra Toncelli and Mauro Tonelli and O. Torre and Cristina Torres and Calum I. Torrie and E. Tournefier and Flavio Travasso and Gary Traylor and M. Tse and Evan Tucker and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and Henning Vahlbruch and Gabriele Vajente and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and S. van. der. Putten and A. A. van Veggel and Steve Vass and Matyas Vasuth and Ruslan Vaulin and Miltiadis Vavoulidis and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer'e and Akira E. Villar and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and Sergey P. Vyatchanin and Andrew R. Wade and Leslie E. Wade and Madeline Wade and Samuel J. Waldman and L. Wallace and Youping Wan and M. Wang and X. F. Wang and Alexander Wanner and Robert L. Ward and Michal Was and Michael Weinert and Allan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Timothy A. Welborn and Linqing Wen and Peter Wessels and M. West and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and John T. Whelan and S. E. Whitcomb and Darren J. White and Bernard Whiting and Karsten Wiesner and Clive R. Wilkinson and Phil A. Willems and L. Williams and R. Williams and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Lutz Winkelmann and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and A. G. Wiseman and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and R. Wooley and John R. Worden and Joshua Yablon and Igor Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and K. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and H. Yang and David Yeaton-Massey and Sanichiro Yoshida and M. Yvert and A. K. Zadro.zny and Michele Zanolin and Jean Pierre Zendri and F. Zhang and L. Zhang and C. Zhao and Natalia V. Zotov and Michael Edward Zucker and J. G. Zweizig},
  journal={Classical and Quantum Gravity},
  year={2012},
  volume={29},
  pages={155002}
}
Between 2007 and 2010 Virgo collected data in coincidence with the LIGO and GEO gravitational-wave (GW) detectors. These data have been searched for GWs emitted by cataclysmic phenomena in the universe, by non-axisymmetric rotating neutron stars or from a stochastic background in the frequency band of the detectors. The sensitivity of GW searches is limited by noise produced by the detector or its environment. It is therefore crucial to characterize the various noise sources in a GW detector… 

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