The analysis is presented relating the organization of emergency medical care in the Republic of Dagestan. The analysis of official statistic data revealed that from 2005 and until the present time there is a sustained increase of resourcing to this form of service by the population both in the republic in general and in urban areas. The increase of appealability among urban population is significantly higher than in the republic. This characteristic trait can be explained by the fact that the rural areas of the Republic continue to significantly log behind in the provision with main types of medical services. According the official statistic data, in 2005 the difference in appealability between urban and rural areas consisted 133, in 2006 ? 128, in 2007 ? 115, in 2008 ? 102 per 1000 of population. In the structure of emergency calls from rural and urban population the cases of sudden diseases. The portion of emergency calls by chronic patients has a clear tendency to decrease both among rural and urban population. The mentioned trends need the adjustment of organization of emergency medical care in rural areas, including intensive development of material technical and manpower of rural substations of emergency medical care. It is timely to consider the issue of development in the Republic of Dagestan the twenty-four-hour integrated consultative control board of emergency medical care to advice by phone the medical emergency teams, the personnel of district hospitals and feldsher obsteritian stations and general practitioners.