The characteristics and correlates of fantasy in school-age children: imaginary companions, impersonation, and social understanding.

@article{Taylor2004TheCA,
  title={The characteristics and correlates of fantasy in school-age children: imaginary companions, impersonation, and social understanding.},
  author={Marjorie Taylor and Stephanie M. Carlson and Bayta L. Maring and Lynn Gerow and C. Charley},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={2004},
  volume={40 6},
  pages={
          1173-87
        }
}
Past research with 152 preschoolers found that having an imaginary companion or impersonating an imaginary character was positively correlated with theory of mind performance. Three years later, 100 children from this study were retested to assess the developmental course of play with imaginary companions and impersonation of imaginary characters and how these types of role play were related to emotion understanding, self-perception, and personality. The results showed that school-age children… 

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