The causes of cancer: quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today.

  title={The causes of cancer: quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today.},
  author={Richard Doll and Richard Peto},
  journal={Journal of the National Cancer Institute},
  volume={66 6},
  • R. Doll, R. Peto
  • Published 1981
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Evidence that the various common types of cancer are largely avoidable diseases is reviewed. Life-style and other environmental factors are divided into a dozen categories, and for each category the evidence relating those particular factors to cancer onset rates is summarized. Where possible, an estimate is made of the percentage of current U.S. cancer mortality that might have been caused or avoided by that category of factors. These estimates are based chiefly on evidence from epidemiology… Expand

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