The catalytic DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor ICRF-193 and all-trans retinoic acid cooperatively induce granulocytic differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cells: candidate drugs for chemo-differentiation therapy against acute promyelocytic leukemia.


OBJECTIVE Although all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can bring about complete remission of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), the incidence of early recurrence is considerably high. Thus, chemotherapeutic agents, such as anthracycline agents or cytosine arabinoside (AraC), are generally co-administered with ATRA. The therapeutic outcome of APL patients has… (More)


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