The case for sensorimotor coding in working memory

  title={The case for sensorimotor coding in working memory},
  author={Margaret Wilson},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  • Margaret Wilson
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
The highly influential Baddeley and Hitch model of working memory (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974; see also Baddeley, 1986) posited analogical forms of representation that can be broadly characterized as sensorimotor, both for verbal and for visuospatial material. However, difficulties with the model of verbal working memory in particular have led investigators to develop alternative models that avoid appealing either to sensory coding or to motoric coding, or to both. This paper examines the evidence… 

A sensorimotor view of verbal working memory

Working memory for speech and music

Data indicate that both verbal and tonal auditory WM are based on the knowledge of how to produce the to‐be‐remembered sounds and, therefore, that sensorimotor representations are involved in the temporary maintenance of auditory information in WM.

Cognitive Load Theory and Human Movement: Towards an Integrated Model of Working Memory

Cognitive load theory (CLT) applies what is known about human cognitive architecture to the study of learning and instruction, to generate insights into the characteristics and conditions of

Is working memory still working

The current state of A.D. Hitch’s (1974) multicomponent working memory model is reviewed and a proposed clarification in which the executive is assumed to be a limited capacity attentional system, aided by a newly postulated fourth system, the episodic buffer.

Is working memory still working?

Hitch's multicomponent working memory model has proved valuable in accounting for data from a wide range of participant groups under a rich array of task conditions and on the processes allowing the integration of information from the component subsystems.

Explicit Processing Demands Reveal Language Modality-Specific Organization of Working Memory

Testing of the working memory model for Ease of Language Understanding found that when explicit processing demands were high, differences emerged between Deaf Signers and Hearing Nonsigners, suggesting that although working memory storage in both groups is sensitive to temporal organization, retrieval is not sensitive toporal organization in DS.

The ineluctable modality of the audible: perceptual determinants of auditory verbal short-term memory.

  • D. MaidmentW. Macken
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2012
It is shown that the effect of phonological similarity in STM can be fully accounted for by the joint action of articulatory similarity, leading to errors in speech planning processes, and acoustic similarity within auditorily presented lists, which modulates their perceptual organization.

The sensorimotor contributions to implicit memory, familiarity, and recollection.

A rare memory dissociation is established in healthy participants, that is, explicit without implicit memory or recognizing without feeling familiar, while leaving recollection and free recall unaffected.

Neuroarchitecture of verbal and tonal working memory in nonmusicians and musicians

Examination of verbal and tonal WM in both nonmusicians and highly trained musicians reveals the existence of two WM systems in musicians: A phonological loop supporting rehearsal of phonological information, and a tonal loop supporting rehearsing of tonal information.



Developments in the concept of working memory.

The authors summarize developments in the concept of working memory as a multicomponent system, beginning by contrasting this approach with alternative uses of the term working memory. According to a

A visuospatial “phonological loop” in working memory: Evidence from American Sign Language

Results indicate a configuration of components similar to the phonological loop for speech, suggesting that working memory can develop a language-based rehearsal loop in the visuospatial modality.

A Comment on the Functional Localization of the Phonological Storage Subsystem of Working Memory

Two possible foci for the phonological store within the parietal lobe are revealed, neither of which has a pattern of functional activation that is fully consistent with the Baddeley and Hitch model.

The Role of Parietal Cortex in Verbal Working Memory

The results suggest that parietal regions are part of a network of brain areas that mediate the short-term storage and retrieval of phonologically coded verbal material.

Language Processing and Working Memory: Neuropsychological Evidence for Separate Phonological and Semantic Capacities

Abstract The short-term memory and sentence-processing abilities of two brain-damaged patients were investigated. Although both patients showed similar reductions in span, one patient showed worse

Phonological coding and short-term memory in patients without speech

Working memory for sign language: a window into the architecture of the working memory system.

The results suggest that the architecture of working memory is shaped both by the properties of language structure and by the constraints imposed by sensorimotor modality.

Working Memory: A View from Neuroimaging

The results provide support for certain cognitive models of working memory and also suggest some distinctions that these models have not emphasized.

The neural correlates of the verbal component of working memory

Comparisons of distribution of cerebral blood flow in these conditions localized the phonological store to the left supramarginal gyrus whereas the subvocal rehearsal system was associated with Broca's area, the first demonstration of the normal anatomy of the components of the 'articulatory loop'.