The case for sensorimotor coding in working memory

  title={The case for sensorimotor coding in working memory},
  author={Margaret Wilson},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  • Margaret Wilson
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
The highly influential Baddeley and Hitch model of working memory (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974; see also Baddeley, 1986) posited analogical forms of representation that can be broadly characterized as sensorimotor, both for verbal and for visuospatial material. However, difficulties with the model of verbal working memory in particular have led investigators to develop alternative models that avoid appealing either to sensory coding or to motoric coding, or to both. This paper examines the evidence… 
A sensorimotor view of verbal working memory
Working memory for speech and music
Data indicate that both verbal and tonal auditory WM are based on the knowledge of how to produce the to‐be‐remembered sounds and, therefore, that sensorimotor representations are involved in the temporary maintenance of auditory information in WM.
Cognitive Load Theory and Human Movement: Towards an Integrated Model of Working Memory
Cognitive load theory (CLT) applies what is known about human cognitive architecture to the study of learning and instruction, to generate insights into the characteristics and conditions of
Is working memory still working
The current state of A.D. Hitch’s (1974) multicomponent working memory model is reviewed and a proposed clarification in which the executive is assumed to be a limited capacity attentional system, aided by a newly postulated fourth system, the episodic buffer.
Is working memory still working?
Hitch's multicomponent working memory model has proved valuable in accounting for data from a wide range of participant groups under a rich array of task conditions and on the processes allowing the integration of information from the component subsystems.
The ineluctable modality of the audible: perceptual determinants of auditory verbal short-term memory.
  • D. MaidmentW. Macken
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2012
It is shown that the effect of phonological similarity in STM can be fully accounted for by the joint action of articulatory similarity, leading to errors in speech planning processes, and acoustic similarity within auditorily presented lists, which modulates their perceptual organization.
The sensorimotor contributions to implicit memory, familiarity, and recollection.
A rare memory dissociation is established in healthy participants, that is, explicit without implicit memory or recognizing without feeling familiar, while leaving recollection and free recall unaffected.
Neuroarchitecture of verbal and tonal working memory in nonmusicians and musicians
Examination of verbal and tonal WM in both nonmusicians and highly trained musicians reveals the existence of two WM systems in musicians: A phonological loop supporting rehearsal of phonological information, and a tonal loop supporting rehearsing of tonal information.
Neural Correlates of Sublexical Processing in Phonological Working Memory
The results identify the planum temporale as a key region in pWM; within this region, representations are likely to take the form of auditory or audiomotor “templates” or “chunks” at the level of the syllable.


Developments in the concept of working memory.
The authors summarize developments in the concept of working memory as a multicomponent system, beginning by contrasting this approach with alternative uses of the term working memory. According to a
A visuospatial “phonological loop” in working memory: Evidence from American Sign Language
Results indicate a configuration of components similar to the phonological loop for speech, suggesting that working memory can develop a language-based rehearsal loop in the visuospatial modality.
A Comment on the Functional Localization of the Phonological Storage Subsystem of Working Memory
Two possible foci for the phonological store within the parietal lobe are revealed, neither of which has a pattern of functional activation that is fully consistent with the Baddeley and Hitch model.
The Role of Parietal Cortex in Verbal Working Memory
The results suggest that parietal regions are part of a network of brain areas that mediate the short-term storage and retrieval of phonologically coded verbal material.
Working memory for sign language: a window into the architecture of the working memory system.
The results suggest that the architecture of working memory is shaped both by the properties of language structure and by the constraints imposed by sensorimotor modality.
Working Memory: A View from Neuroimaging
The results provide support for certain cognitive models of working memory and also suggest some distinctions that these models have not emphasized.
Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension: A multiple-components view.
Semantic and syntactic aspects of sentence comprehension were investigated for 3 patients who showed different patterns of performance on short-term memory tasks. On a sentence anomaly judgment task
Articulation and verbal short-term memory: Evidence from anarthria
Abstract The role of articulation in verbal short-term memory was investigated in two patients suffering from a selective and total impairment of overt articulation. Case GF was totally speechless