The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach

  title={The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach},
  author={Derek Mottershead and Alastair William Pearson and Martin Schaefer},
  pages={1065 - 1079}
Abstract The mysterious rock-cut cart ruts of Malta are here examined by geomorphologists. They find that the ruts could be caused by two-wheeled carts with a gauge of 1.40m carrying moderate loads. In wet weather the carts would gradually cut into the limestone and reach their ground clearance of 0.675m, causing the carriers to try another route – so there are plenty of them. 

Humans as Agents of Geomorphological Change: The Case of the Maltese Cart-Ruts at Misraħ Għar Il-Kbir, San Ġwann, San Pawl Tat-Tarġa and Imtaħleb

Most people will be familiar with wheel ruts caused by the passage of farm vehicles in the muddy fields of soil-covered farming landscapes. However, significantly fewer will have observed ruts of

The changing Maltese soil environment: evidence from the ancient cart tracks at San Pawl Tat-Tarġa, Naxxar

Abstract The historic cart ruts of Malta are incised into the underlying bedrock topography. Anomalous relationships between their routeways and the uneven terrain beneath suggest that they

The morphological variability of Maltese ‘cart ruts’ and its implications

Hundreds of ‘cart ruts’ – pairs of incised parallel grooves in the bedrock – are found across the Maltese archipelago in the central Mediterranean. The age, functional association, formation

Recognition and Assessment of Geomorphosites in Malta at the Il-Majjistral Nature and History Park

The Il-Majjistral Nature and History Park, located on the northwestern coast of the Island of Malta, is a protected area with natural, cultural and tourist interests. The Park, which was registered

The Archaeology of Malta: From the Neolithic through the Roman Period

1. Malta's archaeological past 2. The first settlers and farmers 3. The culture of the megalith builders: the Late Neolithic of Malta 4. Pushing boundaries at the end of the megalithic building

The catchment area of the Milesian colony of Histria, within the Razim‐Sinoie lagoon complex (Romania): hydrogeomorphologic, economic and geopolitical implications

The Greek colonies were founded in areas of economic and geo-strategic interest. From this perspective, Histria benefited from the advantages offered by the sea, the delta (the Danube River) and the

7300 years of vegetation history and climate for NW Malta: a Holocene perspective

This paper investigates the Holocene vegetation dynamics for Burmarrad in Northwest Malta and provides a pollen-based quantitative palaeoclimatic reconstruction for this centrally located

Making One's Way in the World: The Footprints and Trackways of Prehistoric People

  • M. Bell
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2020
The book draws on evidence from landscape archaeology, palaeoenvironmental studies, ethnohistory and animal tracking to address the neglected topic of how we identify and interpret past patterns of

Relative Radiometric Calibration of Airborne LiDAR Data for Archaeological Applications

A desk-based approach in which radiometric calibration is conducted through the selection of homogenous areas of interest, without the use of in-field measurements is applied to data collected for an archaeological research project in western Sicily and a freely available tool is developed that allows users to apply the calibration procedure to their own data.



The geology of Malta and Gozo

The Ancient Cart-tracks of Malta

The barren hill-tops of Malta are scored in many places by ancient ruts cut deeply into the rock. They can be seen also on the slopes and on the lower plains, but less frequently because these areas

Prehistoric Cart-tracks in Malta

One of the problems that students of Maltese archaeology have to face is the meaning of the numerous cart-tracks furrowing most of the barren rock-surfaces. These tracks are scarce on Gozo and

The cart tracks at San Pawl tat-Targa, Naxxar

It is generally agreed that the ancient cart tracks found in many localities of the Maltese Islands constitute one of the most intriguing features of the local archaeological landscape. Yet, despite

Rocks and landforms

This book should be of interest to intermediate and advanced undergraduate students of geomorphology and engineering.

The cart-ruts on Malta and Gozo

  • 1984

Malta: An Archaeological Guide

Pre-Roman Land Transport in the Western Mediterranean Region

40. The Maltese Cart Ruts