PURPOSE OF REVIEW The gastroenterology literature emphasizes factors that increase colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence but presents little about management after initial CRC treatments. The purpose of this review is to describe the remarkably increasing numbers of CRC survivors in whom surveillance guidelines are often not followed and patient care is fragmented. The gastroenterologist can play an important role in this care to improve prognosis and overall health. RECENT FINDINGS Existing surveillance recommendations by specialty societies for CRC survivors are fairly consistent but implementation occurs in less than half. The gastroenterologist can help to coordinate care to ensure appropriate surveillance and also can help to diagnose and treat chemotherapy and radiotherapy complications in survivors which can affect the quality of life long after the initial treatment. The gastroenterologist also can focus on host factors, including management of obesity, exercise programs, and the diet and can introduce potential chemopreventive agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs when positive prospective studies are forthcoming. Interested gastroenterologists also have a role in participating in such prospective studies. SUMMARY The gastroenterologist should enhance her/his role for coordinated management of CRC survivors to improve patient surveillance care, to treat posttherapy complications and encourage preventive measures to improve prognosis and quality of life.