The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained rats.

@article{McCulloch2010TheCA,
  title={The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained rats.},
  author={Paul McCulloch and Karyn M Dinovo and Tiffanny M Connolly},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={298 1},
  pages={R224-34}
}
The mammalian diving response, consisting of apnea, bradycardia, and increased total peripheral resistance, can be modified by conscious awareness, fear, and anticipation. We wondered whether swim and dive training in rats would 1) affect the magnitude of the cardiovascular responses during voluntary and forced diving, and 2) whether this training would reduce or eliminate any stress due to diving. Results indicate Sprague-Dawley rats have a substantial diving response. Immediately upon… CONTINUE READING
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