The glycosyl nature of the receptor for the peptide hormone calcitonin has been investigated in a human breast cancer cell line, T 47D. Studies have been carried out to assess the ability of various lectins and of the antibiotic tunicamycin to inhibit specific binding of calcitonin to the cells, to reduce cross-linking of photoactive calcitonin to a macromolecular receptor component and to influence calcitonin stimulation of cyclic AMP. Pre-incubation of cells with low concentrations of tunicamycin for 72 h resulted in a reduction of total specific binding by approx. 80% and a 40% reduction in calcitonin-stimulated adenylate cyclase; formation of the cross-linked receptor component was also inhibited. Wheat-germ lectin showed the most marked inhibition of total specific binding and cyclic AMP production. However, cross-linking of photoactive calcitonin to receptor component was totally inhibited by this lectin. Soya-bean lectin brought about very little reduction in total specific binding but had more profound effects on calcitonin-stimulated cyclic AMP production and cross-linking of photoactive calcitonin. Concanavalin A and lentil lectin showed some inhibition of all parameters. The data indicate that the calcitonin receptor in T 47D cells is associated with glycosyl moieties, the major contributors of which are N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues, but N-acetyl-D-galactosamine and mannose residues are also associated.