The bright-side and the dark-side of CEO personality: examining core self-evaluations, narcissism, transformational leadership, and strategic influence.

  title={The bright-side and the dark-side of CEO personality: examining core self-evaluations, narcissism, transformational leadership, and strategic influence.},
  author={Christian J. Resick and Daniel S. Whitman and Steve Weingarden and Nathan J. Hiller},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  volume={94 6},
This article reports on an examination of the relationships between chief executive officer (CEO) personality, transformational and transactional leadership, and multiple strategic outcomes in a sample of 75 CEOs of Major League Baseball organizations over a 100-year period. CEO bright-side personality characteristics (core self-evaluations) were positively related to transformational leadership, whereas dark-side personality characteristics (narcissism) of CEOs were negatively related to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

CEO Servant Leadership: Exploring Executive Characteristics and Firm Performance
This study offers an examination of the relationships between chief executive officer (CEO) servant leadership, the executive characteristics of narcissism, founder status, and organizational
The Interplay Between Follower Core Self-Evaluation and Transformational Leadership: Effects on Employee Outcomes
PurposeTo examine the linkage between employee core self-evaluation (CSE) and employee outcomes and the moderating effects of transformational leadership on the latter
Personality And Leadership Composition in Top Management Teams: Implications For Organizational Effectiveness
This study examines whether top management team (TMT) personality and leadership are associated with organizational effectiveness beyond the effects of CEO personality and leadership, as suggested by
The Cascading Effects of CEO Dark Triad Personality on Subordinate Behavior and Firm Performance: A Multilevel Theoretical Model
Chief executive officer (CEO) personality has emerged as a key predictor of firm performance. A burgeoning literature rooted in psychology has shown that leaders with the dark triad personality
Chinese employees’ leadership preferences and the relationship with power distance orientation and core self-evaluation
Informed by implicit leadership theories, this study investigates contemporary Chinese employees’ preferences for paternalistic leadership (including three components: moral leadership, benevolent
Me, myself, and I: influence of CEO narcissism on firms’ innovation strategy and the likelihood of product-harm crises
This research examines the relationship between narcissistic personality characteristics in Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and firms’ innovation outcomes. The authors argue that firms led by
Leaders’ Personal Wisdom and Leader–Member Exchange Quality: The Role of Individualized Consideration
Business scholars have recently proposed that the virtue of personal wisdom may predict leadership behaviors and the quality of leader–follower relationships. This study investigated relationships
The relationships between CEOs' psychological attributes, top management team behavioral integration and firm performance
PurposeThis study aims to investigate the impact of chief executive officers' (CEO’s) core self-evaluation and grandiose narcissism on firm performance. This work combines bright and dark personality
Jekyll and Hyde Leadership: A Multilevel, Multisample Examination of Charisma and Abuse on Follower and Team Outcomes
Despite the independent treatment of the positive and negative sides of leadership in the literature, evidence suggests that the same leader may demonstrate both positive and negative leadership


Loving yourself abundantly: relationship of the narcissistic personality to self- and other perceptions of workplace deviance, leadership, and task and contextual performance.
The authors report results from 2 studies assessing the extent to which narcissism is related to self- and other ratings of leadership, workplace deviance, and task and contextual performance, and found that narcissism was more strongly negatively related to contextual performance than to task performance.
Transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analytic test of their relative validity.
This study provided a comprehensive examination of the full range of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership, revealing an overall validity of .44 for transformational leadership and this validity generalized over longitudinal and multisource designs.
CEO Positive Psychological Traits, Transformational Leadership, and Firm Performance in High-Technology Start-up and Established Firms
This study examines the relationships among positive psychological traits (hope, optimism, resiliency), transformational leadership, and firm performance in high-technology start-up (n = 49) and
It's All about Me: Narcissistic Chief Executive Officers and Their Effects on Company Strategy and Performance
This study uses unobtrusive measures of the narcissism of chief executive officers (CEOs)—the prominence of the CEO's photograph in annual reports, the CEO's prominence in press releases, the CEO's
Personality and leadership: a qualitative and quantitative review.
Extraversion was the most consistent correlate of leadership across study settings and leadership criteria (leader emergence and leadership effectiveness) and the five-factor model had a multiple correlation of .48 with leadership, indicating strong support for the leader trait perspective when traits are organized according to theFivefactor model.
Personality and charismatic leadership
The impact of chief executive officer personality on top management team dynamics:one mechanism by which leadership affects organizational performance.
The authors hypothesized and tested the effects of leader personality on the group dynamics of the top management team (TMT) and of TMT dynamics on organizational performance using thegroup dynamics q-sort method, which is designed to permit rigorous, quantitative comparisons of data derived from qualitative sources.
The study sought to evaluate the personal values profile, the predominant leadership styles, the leadership effectiveness, the relationship between personal values balance and leadership
The dark side of leadership