The brain disease model of addiction: is it supported by the evidence and has it delivered on its promises?

@article{Hall2015TheBD,
  title={The brain disease model of addiction: is it supported by the evidence and has it delivered on its promises?},
  author={Wayne D Hall and Adrian Carter and Cynthia Forlini},
  journal={The lancet. Psychiatry},
  year={2015},
  volume={2 1},
  pages={
          105-10
        }
}
Since 1997 the US National Institute on Drug Abuse has advocated a brain disease model of addiction (BDMA). We assess the strength of evidence for the BDMA in animals, neuroimaging studies of people with addiction, and current research on the role of genetics in addiction. We critically assess claims about the medical and social benefits of use of the BDMA because the social implications are often implied as a reason to accept this model. Furthermore, we argue that the BDMA is not supported by… CONTINUE READING
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