The brain basis of language processing: from structure to function.

  title={The brain basis of language processing: from structure to function.},
  author={Angela D. Friederici},
  journal={Physiological reviews},
  volume={91 4},
  • A. Friederici
  • Published 1 October 2011
  • Biology, Psychology
  • Physiological reviews
Language processing is a trait of human species. The knowledge about its neurobiological basis has been increased considerably over the past decades. Different brain regions in the left and right hemisphere have been identified to support particular language functions. Networks involving the temporal cortex and the inferior frontal cortex with a clear left lateralization were shown to support syntactic processes, whereas less lateralized temporo-frontal networks subserve semantic processes… 

Syntactic processing is distributed across the language system

The Cortical Organization of Syntax.

Syntax, the structure of sentences, enables humans to express an infinite range of meanings through finite means. The neurobiology of syntax has been intensely studied but with little consensus. Two

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This study used novel magnetoencephalography source imaging techniques combined with a unique language stimulation paradigm to segregate cortical maps synchronized to 3 levels of linguistic units, finding the superior temporal gyrus was found to be involved in processing all 3 linguistic levels while distinct ensembles of other brain regions were recruited to encode each linguistic level.

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    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
  • 2019
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Merge in the Human Brain: A Sub-Region Based Functional Investigation in the Left Pars Opercularis

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The brain basis of syntactic processes: functional imaging and lesion studies

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Data support the interplay between the speech processing streams in the left and right hemispheres via the posterior portion of the corpus callosum, building the brain basis for the coordination and integration of local syntactic and prosodic features during auditory speech comprehension.

Brain Activation Modulated by the Comprehension of Normal and Pseudo-word Sentences of Different Processing Demands: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

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  • S. Bookheimer
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annual review of neuroscience
  • 2002
Three lines of fMRI research into how the semantic system is organized in the adult brain are discussed, which broaden the understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information and challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system.