The book on how to make all the colour paints for illuminating books: unravelling a Portuguese Hebrew illuminators’ manual

  title={The book on how to make all the colour paints for illuminating books: unravelling a Portuguese Hebrew illuminators’ manual},
  author={Maria Jo{\~a}o Melo and Rita Castro and Paula Nabais and Tatiana Vitorino},
  journal={Heritage Science},
The book on how to make all the colour paints for illuminating books invites readers to step inside the workshop of a fifteenth century illuminator in Portugal. This illuminator was the carrier of a tradition on how to make colours with ‘which you can illuminate or paint or capitalize or write’ that dates back, at least, to the thirteenth century. This unique knowledge and know-how was carefully preserved in Portuguese language, in Hebrew characters, in a collection of texts now known as Ms… 
The conservation of medieval manuscript illuminations: A chemical perspective
Abstract Illuminated manuscripts are the most abundant and well-preserved surviving medieval cultural artefacts. Created to contain sacred texts, their visual structure allows the reader to identify
Organic colorants based on lac dye and brazilwood as markers for a chronology and geography of medieval scriptoria: a chemometrics approach
This work presents the first proof of concept for the use of molecular fluorescence signatures in medieval colours based on lac dye and brazilwood lake pigments. These two important medieval dyes
Identity and connections within medieval heritage: color in the illuminated manuscript through the eyes of the molecular sciences and humanities
Microspectrofluorimetry offers high sensitivity, selectivity, fast data acquisition, good spatial resolution (down to 2 μm), and the possibility of in-depth profiling. It has proved to be a powerful
Yellow Lake Pigments from Weld in Art: Investigating the Winsor & Newton 19th Century Archive
Weld (Reseda luteola) was one of the main sources of yellow dyes used for dyeing textiles and to prepare artists’ pigments in Europe until the 19th century. For the first time, this work explores the
A 1000-year-old mystery solved: Unlocking the molecular structure for the medieval blue from Chrozophora tinctoria, also known as folium
Experimental data and computational modeling studies show that this mono-glycosylated dimer is represented by two stable isomers (atropisomers), an indispensable piece of knowledge for the characterization of this medieval dye in works of art such as medieval manuscript illuminations and for testing its stability and contributes to the preservation of the authors' cultural heritage.
Manuscripts in the Making: Art and Science
© The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creat iveco mmons .org/licen ses/by/4.0/), which permits
Interdisciplinary exploration of medieval technical manuscripts from the Iberian Peninsula
ABSTRACT This work examines the interdisciplinary methodology currently used to study medieval technical manuscripts and recipe books from the Iberian Peninsula. The methodology is based on both


The Ms. Parma 1959 in the context of portuguese hebrew illumination
This dissertation focuses on the Ms. Parma 1959 within the context of Hebrew sacred book production in Portugal in the second half of the fifteenth century. The Ms. Parma 1959 offers a unique insight
Organic dyes in illuminated manuscripts: a unique cultural and historic record
  • M. Melo, P. Nabais, I. Whitworth
  • Chemistry
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2016
The findings in fourteenth–sixteenth century manuscripts confirm the hypothesis that this dye was lost during the High Middle Ages, to be later rediscovered.
A Spectroscopic Study of Brazilwood Paints in Medieval Books of Hours
Microspectroscopic techniques enabled us to disclose the full palette of these medieval manuscripts, including the elusive greens, for which, besides malachite, basic copper sulfates were found; Raman microscopy suggested a mixture of brochantite and langite.
‘It's not easy being green’: a spectroscopic study of green pigments used in illuminated manuscripts
This study explores the use of green pigments and mixtures in manuscript illumination, drawing upon experimental evidence derived from a non-invasive spectroscopic survey of green pigments used in 31
Singing with light: an interdisciplinary study on the medieval Ajuda Songbook
ABSTRACT A monument to Galician-Portuguese medieval lyric, the Ajuda Songbook (Cancioneiro da Ajuda) also contains an exceptional series of illuminations. Employing a multidisciplinary approach, this
Bright light: microspectrofluorimetry for the characterization of lake pigments and dyes in works of art.
The application of microspectrofluorimetry to the study of medieval illuminations, paint cross sections, millenary textiles, and wall paintings is described and the full complexity of a medieval colorant is unveiled and issues not yet explored are addressed.
New insights into brazilwood lake pigments manufacture through the use of historically accurate reconstructions
A multi-analytical approach for the study of brazilwood and its lake pigments was carried out based on historically accurate reconstructions. Recipes for brazilwood lakes from the fifteenth century
History of Natural Dyes in the Ancient Mediterranean World
The build-up of Mare Nostrum probably began much earlier than the 6th–5th millennium BC and there is material evidence pointing to such activity as early as the 12th–11th millennium BC [1]. Mare
Micro‐Raman study of Medieval Cistercian 12–13th century manuscripts: Santa Maria de Alcobaça, Portugal
Santa Maria de Alcobaca Monastery, a Cistercian monastery, was established in 1153, in the year of St. Bernard of Clairvaux's death. From the approximately 160 illuminated manuscripts produced during
Copper and Bronze in Art: Corrosion, Colorants, Conservation
This 190 year review of the literature on copper and its alloys integrates the information on pigments, corrosion products and minerals that are usually considered separately though they are often