# The birth of topological insulators

@article{Moore2010TheBO, title={The birth of topological insulators}, author={Joel E Moore}, journal={Nature}, year={2010}, volume={464}, pages={194-198} }

Certain insulators have exotic metallic states on their surfaces. These states are formed by topological effects that also render the electrons travelling on such surfaces insensitive to scattering by impurities. Such topological insulators may provide new routes to generating novel phases and particles, possibly finding uses in technological applications in spintronics and quantum computing.

## 1,865 Citations

Synchrotron-Radiation Studies of Topological Insulators

- Physics
- 2013

Topological insulators are a recently discovered class of materials with entirely novel properties. While their bulk electronic structure is that of an insulator, topological considerations force the…

Spatial Fluctuations of Helical Dirac Fermions on the Surface of Topological Insulators

- Physics
- 2011

Helical Dirac fermion states in topological insulators could enable dissipation-free spintronics and robust quantum information processors. A study of the influence of disorder on these states shows…

Topological insulators: A romance with many dimensions.

- Physics, MedicineNature nanotechnology
- 2010

Electric charges on the boundaries of certain insulators are programmed by topology to keep moving forward when they encounter an obstacle, rather than scattering backwards and increasing the…

Topological insulators: Crystalline protection.

- Medicine, Materials ScienceNature materials
- 2012

The finding of a topological crystalline insulator with metallic boundary states protected by lattice symmetries promises novel functionality.

Phonon-induced topological transitions and crossovers in Dirac materials.

- Physics, MedicinePhysical review letters
- 2013

We show that electron-phonon interactions can alter the topological properties of Dirac insulators and semimetals, at both zero and nonzero temperature. Contrary to the common belief that increasing…

Achieving surface quantum oscillations in topological insulator thin films of Bi₂Se₃.

- Materials Science, MedicineAdvanced materials
- 2012

The surface states of TIs are peculiar in that they are comprised of spin-fi ltered, massless Dirac fermions that hold promise for novel spintronics and topological quantum computations.

Nonlocal edge state transport in topological insulators

- Physics
- 2013

We use the $N$-terminal scheme for studying the edge-state transport in two-dimensional topological insulators. We find the universal nonlocal response in the ballistic transport approach. This…

Topological Kondo insulators.

- Medicine, PhysicsPhysical review letters
- 2010

A topological classification of emergent band structures for Kondo insulators is developed and it is shown that these materials may host three-dimensional topological insulating phases.

Quantum transport in topological insulator hybrid structures—A combination of topological insulator and superconductor

- Physics
- 2012

In this paper, a brief review of the history of topological insulators is given. After that, electronic transport experiments in topological insulator-superconductor hybrid structures, including…

Momentum and spin filtering of electrons on the surface of a topological insulator

- Physics
- 2012

Abstract We study theoretically electron tunneling through planar magnetic barrier arrays on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator. Interestingly, the transmission displays a…

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