The biosynthesis of the subtilisin-related proprotein convertase PC3, but no that of the PC2 convertase, is regulated by glucose in parallel to proinsulin biosynthesis in rat pancreatic islets.


The biosynthesis of proinsulin is specifically stimulated by glucose in the pancreatic beta-cell, and this, in turn, places an increased demand on the mechanism for proinsulin to insulin conversion. Proteolytic proinsulin processing is catalyzed by two endopeptidases putatively identified as the subtilisin-related PC2 and PC3 convertases (Bennett, D. L… (More)