The biofilm matrix

@article{Flemming2010TheBM,
  title={The biofilm matrix},
  author={Hans-Curt Flemming and Jost Wingender},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={8},
  pages={623-633}
}
The microorganisms in biofilms live in a self-produced matrix of hydrated extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) that form their immediate environment. EPS are mainly polysaccharides, proteins, nucleic acids and lipids; they provide the mechanical stability of biofilms, mediate their adhesion to surfaces and form a cohesive, three-dimensional polymer network that interconnects and transiently immobilizes biofilm cells. In addition, the biofilm matrix acts as an external digestive system by… 
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