The bgl1 gene of Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 encodes an extracellular, cellulose-inducible beta-glucosidase involved in cellulase induction by sophorose.

Abstract

We have investigated the effect of disruption of the bgl1-(beta-glucosidase l-encoding) gene of Trichoderma reesei on the formation of other beta-glucosidase activities and on the induction of cellulases. To this end the bgl1 locus was disrupted by insertion of the Aspergillus nidulans amdS (acetamidase-encoding) gene. The bgl1-disrupted strain did not produce the 75 kDa extracellular beta-glucosidase on cellulose or lactose, but still formed beta-glucosidase activity on glucose, cellobiose, xylan or beta-1,3-glucan, suggesting that the enzyme(s) exhibiting this beta-glucosidase activity is (are) not encoded by bgl1. The cellulase-inducer sophorose induced the bgl1-encoded beta-glucosidase, whereas the remaining beta-glucosidase activity was induced by methyl-beta-D-glucoside. The bgl1-gene product was mainly secreted into the medium, whereas the other beta-glucosidase activity was mainly associated with the cells. A bgl1-multicopy strain formed higher amounts of cellulases than the parent strain. Nonsaturating concentrations of sophorose efficiently induced cellobiohydrolase l formation in the bgl1-multicopy strain, but less efficiently in the bgl1-disrupted strain. The multicopy strain and the parent strain were comparably efficient at saturating sophorose concentrations. The beta-glucosidase inhibitor nojirimycin strongly inhibited induction in all strains. These data suggest that the bgl1-encoded beta-glucosidase is not identical to the plasma-membrane-bound, constitutive, methyl-beta-glucoside inducible beta-glucosidase, but represents an extracellular cellulose-induced enzyme. Both enzymes contribute to rapid induction of cellulases by modifying the inducer sophorose.

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@article{Mach1995TheBG, title={The bgl1 gene of Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 encodes an extracellular, cellulose-inducible beta-glucosidase involved in cellulase induction by sophorose.}, author={R L Mach and B Seiboth and A Myasnikov and R Gonzalez and J Strauss and A M Harkki and C P Kubicek}, journal={Molecular microbiology}, year={1995}, volume={16 4}, pages={687-97} }