The benefits of simply observing: mindful attention modulates the link between motivation and behavior.

@article{Papies2015TheBO,
  title={The benefits of simply observing: mindful attention modulates the link between motivation and behavior.},
  author={Esther K. Papies and Tila M. Pronk and Mike Keesman and Lawrence W. Barsalou},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={108 1},
  pages={
          148-70
        }
}
Mindful attention, a central component of mindfulness meditation, can be conceived as becoming aware of one's thoughts and experiences and being able to observe them as transient mental events. Here, we present a series of studies demonstrating the effects of applying this metacognitive perspective to one's spontaneous reward responses when encountering attractive stimuli. Taking a grounded cognition perspective, we argue that reward simulations in response to attractive stimuli contribute to… 
From Distraction to Mindfulness: Psychological and Neural Mechanisms of Attention Strategies in Self-Regulation
The current chapter examines attention strategies that may facilitate self-regulation. In particular, we focus on the attention strategies of distraction and mindfulness. By distraction, we mean
Mindfulness Meditation Impairs Task Motivation but Not Performance
A shift in perspective: Decentering through mindful attention to imagined stressful events
TLDR
Mindful attention produces decentering by disengaging embodied senses of self from imagined situations so that affect does not develop, and direct contrasts between mindful attention and immersion suggest.
Electrophysiological evidence of the differential modulation of approach‐related processes toward attractive foods by immersive or mindful viewing conditions
TLDR
It is investigated whether a “mindful” (dereified) compared with an “immersed’ (highly subjectively real) attitude, induced by instructions, differentially modulates approach‐avoidance tendencies when processing visual stimuli.
The decentering component of mindfulness reduces reactions to mental imagery.
Four experiments examined whether reactions to mental imagery can be reduced by the mindfulness component of decentering, that is, the insight that experiences are impermanent mental states. In
Grounding desire: The role of consumption and reward simulations in eating and drinking behaviour
This chapter presents a grounded cognition theory of desire and motivated behaviour, along with empirical evidence that supports it, and discusses implications for self-regulation. The grounded
Mindfulness and Health Behaviour : Examining the roles of attention regulation and decentering
This chapter examines how mindfulness interventions affect health behaviour through attention regulation and decentering. Specifically, mindfulness may be effective to the degree that attention
Compared to self-immersion, mindful attention reduces salivation and automatic food bias
TLDR
It is concluded that mindful attention instructions can de-automatize food bias.
Mindfulness and craving: effects and mechanisms.
  • K. Tapper
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Clinical psychology review
  • 2018
TLDR
Reviewing 30 experimental studies that have examined the effects of different types of mindfulness practice on cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol provides tentative support for Buddhist models of craving that suggest mindfulness practice may confer unique benefits in terms of both craving reduction and reducing the extent to which craving leads to consumption.
The mindful way out of materialism: Mindfulness mediates the association between regulatory modes and materialism
This research examines whether and how the relationship between regulatory orientations –assessment and locomotion modes – and materialism can be explained by mindfulness. Based on previous
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 183 REFERENCES
Mindful Attention Prevents Mindless Impulses
Three studies illustrate that mindful attention prevents impulses toward attractive food. Participants received a brief mindfulness procedure in which they observed their reactions to external
Mindful attention reduces neural and self-reported cue-induced craving in smokers.
TLDR
An initial indication is provided that mindful attention may describe a 'bottom-up' attention to one's present moment experience in ways that can help reduce subjective and neural reactivity to smoking cues in smokers.
How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action From a Conceptual and Neural Perspective
TLDR
Several components through which mindfulness meditation exerts its effects are explored, suggesting that the mechanisms described here work synergistically, establishing a process of enhanced self-regulation.
Goals, attention, and (un)consciousness.
TLDR
It is concluded that these processes are goal dependent and that they need attention, but that they can generally proceed without awareness, and that when people are consciously aware of their behavior or their goals, the effects can be beneficial as well as detrimental.
Metacognition, mindfulness and the modification of mood disorders
A distinction is made between metacognitive knowledge (knowing that thoughts are not necessarily always accurate) and metacognitive insight (experiencing thoughts as events in the field of awareness,
Breaking the cycle of desire: Mindfulness and executive control weaken the relation between an implicit measure of alcohol valence and preoccupation with alcohol-related thoughts.
TLDR
This study examined whether mindfulness and executive control may similarly decouple the relation between automatic affective responses and difficulty in disengaging attention from alcohol-related thoughts, and showed that both trait mindfulness andExecutive control are inversely related with alcohol preoccupation.
The Impact of Intensive Mindfulness Training on Attentional Control, Cognitive Style, and Affect
To evaluate the impact of an intensive period of mindfulness meditation training on cognitive and affective function, a non-clinical group of 20 novice meditators were tested before and after
“Thinking about Not-Thinking”: Neural Correlates of Conceptual Processing during Zen Meditation
TLDR
Zen practitioners displayed a reduced duration of the neural response linked to conceptual processing in regions of the default network, suggesting that meditative training may foster the ability to control the automatic cascade of semantic associations triggered by a stimulus and, by extension, to voluntarily regulate the flow of spontaneous mentation.
Letting Go: Mindfulness and Negative Automatic Thinking
Cognitive theorists describe mindfulness as a form of attention-awareness in which thoughts can be observed in non-judging, de-centered, and non-attached ways. However, empirical research has not
The effects of three mindfulness skills on chocolate cravings
TLDR
Overall, disidentification emerged as the most efficacious mindfulness skill and was shown to be a crucial mindfulness skill that can be taught to help better cope with food cravings.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...