The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being.

  title={The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being.},
  author={Kirk Warren Brown and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={84 4},
  • K. BrownR. Ryan
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Mindfulness is an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being. This research provides a theoretical and empirical examination of the role of mindfulness in psychological well-being. The development and psychometric properties of the dispositional Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) are described. Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies then show that the MAAS measures a unique quality of consciousness that is related to a variety of well-being… 

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