The bending stiffness of shoes is beneficial to running energetics if it does not disturb the natural MTP joint flexion.


A local minimum for running energetics has been reported for a specific bending stiffness, implying that shoe stiffness assists in running propulsion. However, the determinant of the metabolic optimum remains unknown. Highly stiff shoes significantly increase the moment arm of the ground reaction force (GRF) and reduce the leverage effect of joint torque at… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.01.014


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