The behavioral pain response to heelstick in preterm neonates studied longitudinally: description, development, determinants, and components.

@article{Williams2009TheBP,
  title={The behavioral pain response to heelstick in preterm neonates studied longitudinally: description, development, determinants, and components.},
  author={Amber L. Williams and Asif Z. Khattak and Christen N. Garza and Robert E. Lasky},
  journal={Early human development},
  year={2009},
  volume={85 6},
  pages={369-74}
}
OBJECTIVES Preterm infants often experience multiple painful procedures during their stay in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The objectives of this study were to evaluate behavioral responses to heelstick in preterm newborns, characterize developmental changes and the effects of other demographic and clinical variables on the pain response, and estimate the contributions of individual Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) behaviors to the summary pain score. METHODS A longitudinal study… CONTINUE READING

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Pain assessment and measurement in neonates: an updated review.

Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses • 2013

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