The basic emotional circuits of mammalian brains: Do animals have affective lives?

  title={The basic emotional circuits of mammalian brains: Do animals have affective lives?},
  author={J. Panksepp},
  journal={Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews},
  • J. Panksepp
  • Published 2011
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  • The primal affects are intrinsic brain value systems that unconditionally and automatically inform animals how they are faring in survival. They serve an essential function in emotional learning. The positive affects index "comfort zones" that support survival, while negative affects inform animals of circumstances that may impair survival. Affective feelings come in several varieties, including sensory, homeostatic, and emotional (which I focus on here). Primary-process emotional feelings… CONTINUE READING
    278 Citations

    Figures and Topics from this paper

    The cross‐mammalian neurophenomenology of primal emotional affects: From animal feelings to human therapeutics
    • J. Panksepp
    • Medicine, Psychology
    • The Journal of comparative neurology
    • 2016
    • 28
    Affective Neuroscience Strategies for Understanding and Treating Depression
    • 40
    • PDF
    Brain Evolution and Emotions
    • 1
    Précis on The Cognitive-Emotional Brain.
    • L. Pessoa
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • The Behavioral and brain sciences
    • 2015
    • 75
    • PDF
    Neuroscience of affect: brain mechanisms of pleasure and displeasure
    • 326
    • PDF
    Emotional Experience
    • 47
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF


    Affective consciousness: Core emotional feelings in animals and humans
    • J. Panksepp
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Consciousness and Cognition
    • 2005
    • 787
    • PDF
    On the Embodied Neural Nature of Core Emotional Affects
    • 90
    • PDF
    Toward a general psychobiological theory of emotions
    • 837
    The neurobiology of positive emotions
    • 550
    • PDF
    Does any aspect of mind survive brain damage that typically leads to a persistent vegetative state? Ethical considerations
    • 44
    An integrative and functional framework for the study of animal emotion and mood
    • 490
    • PDF
    Affective Neuroscience: The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions
    • 3,208
    Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions
    • 1,845
    • PDF