The basal ganglia and adaptive motor control.

@article{Graybiel1994TheBG,
  title={The basal ganglia and adaptive motor control.},
  author={Ann M. Graybiel and T. Aosaki and Alice W Flaherty and Minoru Kimura},
  journal={Science},
  year={1994},
  volume={265 5180},
  pages={1826-31}
}
The basal ganglia are neural structures within the motor and cognitive control circuits in the mammalian forebrain and are interconnected with the neocortex by multiple loops. Dysfunction in these parallel loops caused by damage to the striatum results in major defects in voluntary movement, exemplified in Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease. These parallel loops have a distributed modular architecture resembling local expert architectures of computational learning models. During… CONTINUE READING
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