The attributional Style Questionnaire

  title={The attributional Style Questionnaire},
  author={Christopher Peterson and Amy Semmel and Carl L. von Baeyer and Lyn Y. Abramson and Gerald I. Metalsky and M. Seligman},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
Of current interest are the causal attributions offered by depressives for the good and bad events in their lives. One important attributional account of depression is the reformulated learned helplessness model, which proposes that depressive symptoms are associated with an attributional style in which uncontrollable bad events are attributed to internal (versus external), stable (versus unstable), and global (versus specific) causes. We describe the Attributional Style Questionnaire, which… 
Attributional style in the reformulated learned helplessness model of depression: Cognitive processes and measurement implications
Since the addition of attributional style to the learned helplessness model of depression (Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978) there has been little refinement of the construct of attributional
Attributional Style Predicts Causes of Negative Life Events on the Attributional Style Questionnaire
The findings suggest that attributional styles depend, in part, on the event being explained and demonstrate that the ASQ events elicit specific types of causes.
The Depressive Attributions Questionnaire (DAQ): Development of a Short Self-Report Measure of Depressogenic Attributions
A new short questionnaire suitable for the measurement of depressogenic attributions in clinical settings, the Depressive Attributions Questionnaire (DAQ), which predicted a diagnosis of major depression at 6 months after an uncontrollable stressor, over and above what could be predicted from initial depression severity.
Discriminating adaptive attributions: Agreement between self-report and objective ratings
According to the reformulated learned helplessness model of depression, causal attributions are an important mediator of the effects on mood of positive and negative experiences. Adaptive
Attributional style, defensive functioning and persecutory delusions: symptom-specific or general coping strategy?
The results indicate that the attributional biases observed in individuals with persecutory delusions are not symptom-specific as previously suggested.
Attributional style and depression
Regression analyses showed that attributional style results from mood state and is not a familial risk factor for depression, however, the tendency to internalise negative events was related to having had a prior episode of depression, suggesting a ‘scarring’ effect.
Attribution style of patients with depression.
Depressive patients exhibit an inclination towards internal and global attribution for negative events, and characteristics of attribution judgments of depressive people do not represent a permanent pattern within their cognitive style.
The “Depressive” Attributional Style Is Not That Depressive for Buddhists
Data analyses showed that Buddhists were more likely to attribute bad outcomes to internal, stable, and global causes, but their well-being was less affected by it, indicating that the “depressive” attributional style is not that depressive for Buddhists, after all.
An Individual Differences Measure of Attributions Affecting Helping Behavior
Incorporating individual differences in causal attributions has been successful in self perception but there has been little attention to attributional styles in person perception. A key domain in


Depressive attributional style.
It is argued that three attributional dimensions are crucial for explaining human helplessness and depression: internal-external, stable-unstable, and global-specific.
The causality of causal attributions in depression: a cross-lagged panel correlational analysis.
The attributional dimensions of internality, stability, and globality were found to be correlated with depression; when the possible causal role of attributions was tested through the use of cross-lagged panel correlational analysis, the hypothesis that stability and globalities attributions for bad outcomes might be causes of depression was supported.
Self-blame and depressive symptoms.
Characterological blame increased with more negative life events during the last year, implying that individuals who blame their character may arrive at this attributional style by a covariation analysis, and did not precede the onset of depressive symptoms 6 or 12 weeks later.
Depression and attributional style: interpretations of important personal events.
  • D. Harvey
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1981
Results did not support the prediction that depressed students' attributions to controllable causes would appear more similar to judges' ratings of the controllability of events.
Depression and causal attributions for success and failure.
  • N. Kuiper
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1978
The findings for depressives were discussed in relation to the recently revised learned helplessness model of depression, which incorporates causal attributions, and for nondepressives, the findings were considered in terms of the self-serving biases hypothesis.
Effects of attributions for success on the alleviation of learned helplessness and depression.
Results indicated that helpless and depressed subjects who received the internal attribution manipulations reported less depressed mood than subjects in the external attribution conditions, which is interpreted as supportive of an attribution theory model of learned helplessness and depression.
Uncontrollability and self-blame in depression: investigation of the paradox in a college population.
  • C. Peterson
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1979
The so-called paradox in depression, that depressives blame themselves for events over which they feel no control, received empirical support in this study of 80 undergraduates and was distinguished among several possible resolutions of it.
A Cognitive (Attribution)-Emotion-Action Model of Motivated Behavior: An Analysis of Judgments of Help-Giving.
Six experiments examined the relations of causal attributions and affect to judgments of help-giving. The first experiment considered the influence of three dimensions of causality (locus, stability,
Naive psychology and the attributional model of achievement
Open-ended explanations for the success and failure outcomes of others were obtained from (N= 226) undergraduates. Only 23% of the 2,495 explanations generated by these naive psychologists could be
Characterological Versus Behavioral Self-Blame: Inquiries Into Depression and Rape
Two types of self-blame—be havioral and characterological—are distinguished. Behavioral self-blame is control related, involves attributions to a modifiable source (one's behavior), and is associated