The attentional blink

@article{Shapiro1997TheAB,
  title={The attentional blink},
  author={Kimron L. Shapiro and Jane E. Raymond and Karen Arnell},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  year={1997},
  volume={1},
  pages={291-296}
}

Figures from this paper

Delayed attentional engagement in the attentional blink.

There is a delay between detection and the selection of target candidates for consolidation in short-term memory during the attentional blink, resulting in improvement in T2 report, suggesting that processing of T1 was already completed or was at least protected when the cue was presented.

Revisiting the spread of sparing in the attentional blink

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The “beam of darkness”: Spreading of the attentional blink within and between objects

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Relationships between attentional blink magnitude, RSVP target accuracy, and performance on other cognitive tasks

The results suggest that individual differences in AB magnitude do not result from differences in effective RSVP target encoding and are not well explained by varied information-processing abilities.

Direct estimates of processing delays in the attentional blink

Responsibility times for T2 identification decreased as the lag between T1 and T2 was increased and accuracy of T 2 identification increased as the stimulus-onset asynchrony between T2 and the trailing mask was increased.

Does failure to mask T1 cause lag-1 sparing in the attentional blink?

The results demonstrate that T2 performance at lag 1 is significantly reduced in the presence of T1 masking, and the implications of this outcome are discussed in relation to theories of the AB.

Individual differences in the attentional blink. The important role of irrelevant information.

Evidence that the level of distractor processing and subsequent interference with target identification processes also differs between the two groups supports the hypothesis that nonblinkers are more efficient in ignoring irrelevant information than blinkers.

Attentional and perceptual factors affecting the attentional blink for faces and objects.

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  • Psychology
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  • 2008
The authors demonstrate that a multichannel model cannot account for the absence of AB effects on faces and suggest instead that perceptual salience of the face within the distracters' series as well as the available resources determine whether or not faces are blinked in RSVP.

Lag-1 sparing in the attentional blink: Benefits and costs of integrating two events into a single episode

  • B. HommelE. Akyürek
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 2005
Results suggest that, if two targets appear in close succession, they compete for attentional resources and, if the two competitors are of unequal strength the stronger one is more likely to win and be reported at the expense of the other.

Negative attentional set in the attentional blink: control is not lost

Findings demonstrate that a negative attentional set is maintained even though the central system is engaged in the in-depth processing of T1 during the AB, and whether its influence is modulated by task demands.
...

References

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