The attachment working models concept: Among other things, we build script-like representations of secure base experiences

@article{Waters2006TheAW,
  title={The attachment working models concept: Among other things, we build script-like representations of secure base experiences},
  author={Harriet Salatas Waters and Everett Waters},
  journal={Attachment \& Human Development},
  year={2006},
  volume={8},
  pages={185 - 197}
}
Abstract Mental representations are of central importance in attachment theory. Most often conceptualized in terms of working models, ideas about mental representation have helped guide both attachment theory and research. At the same time, the working models concept has been criticized as overly extensible, explaining too much and therefore too little. Once unavoidable, such openness is increasingly unnecessary and a threat to the coherence of attachment theory. Cognitive and developmental… Expand

Topics from this paper

Secure base representations in middle childhood across two Western cultures: Associations with parental attachment representations and maternal reports of behavior problems.
TLDR
This investigation presents evidence that a middle childhood attachment script assessment tapped a stable underlying script using samples drawn from 2 western cultures, the United States and Belgium and finds evidence suggestive of the intergenerational transmission of secure base script knowledge. Expand
The secure base script: associated with early maladaptive schemas related to attachment.
TLDR
Results bridge cognitive and attachment theories, supporting the interrelatedness of secure base script knowledge assessed in current relationships, and schema-related content regarding connectedness with others. Expand
THE MOTHER-CHILD ATTACHMENT PARTNERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD: SECURE BASE BEHAVIORAL AND REPRESENTATIONAL PROCESSES.
  • B. Vaughn
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 2018
The chapters in this monograph describe the transition of attachment representations from a predominantly sensorimotor, in the moment, experience for the infant/toddler to internalized, mentalExpand
The latent structure of secure base script knowledge.
TLDR
Factor and taxometric analyses suggested that variation in secure base script knowledge-as measured by both the adolescent and adult versions of the Attachment Script Assessment-is generalized across relationships and continuously distributed. Expand
Measuring scripted attachment-related knowledge in middle childhood: the Secure Base Script Test
TLDR
The Secure Base Script Test (SBST), a narrative-based measure of attachment scripts in middle childhood, was developed and evaluated and predicted children’s capacity to respond to distress in an adaptive way. Expand
What's inside the minds of securely and insecurely attached people? The secure-base script and its associations with attachment-style dimensions.
TLDR
Secure attachment was associated with greater secure-base "scriptedness" of attachment narratives, greater accessibility of the secure- base script in narratives and dreams about distressing experiences, deeper processing of script-relevant information, and faster and more confident script- relevant judgments. Expand
Links between use of the secure base script and preschool children ’ s knowledge about emotions
The links between attachment security and multiple aspects of emotional development have been studied for several decades. Although these studies are valuable insofar some answers related toExpand
The secure base script concept: an overview.
TLDR
A brief overview of the extant literature on the secure base script is presented and findings are framed in the larger context of adult attachment research aimed at addressing the `old wine in a new bottle' critique. Expand
Infant capacities related to building internal working models of attachment figures: A theoretical and empirical review
Abstract According to attachment theory (e.g., Bowlby, 1969/1982, 1973, 1980), infants develop cognitive models (termed internal working models, IWMs) of their attachment figures during the firstExpand
An Expectancy-Value Approach to Attachment
Attachment working models provide the cognitive structure by which individuals seek to satisfy attachment-relevant goals. In this chapter, we examine working models, drawing on social cognitiveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
A secure base from which to explore close relationships.
TLDR
Views on attachment development, attachment representation, and attachment in family and cross-cultural perspective need to be updated in light of empirical research and advances in developmental theory, behavioral biology, and cognitive psychology. Expand
Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: a meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the adult attachment interview
: About a decade ago, the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985) was developed to explore parents' mental representations of attachment as manifested in languageExpand
Attachment From Infancy to Adulthood: The Major Longitudinal Studies
Hinde, Ethology and Attachment Theory. Bretherton, In Pursuit of the Internal Working Model Construct and its Relevance to Attachment Relationships. Sroufe, Egeland, Carlson, Collins, Placing EarlyExpand
Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles.
Part I: Biological System. Caporael, Evolutionary Theory for Social and Cultural Psychology. Blascovich, Seery, Visceral and Somatic Indexes of Social Psychological Constructs: History, Principles,Expand
Organizational strategies in memory for prose: A developmental analysis
Abstract Two studies investigated the use of organizational schemes in memory for prose. In Experiment I adult subjects generated either a narrative (structured) or a descriptive (relativelyExpand
Attachment security in infancy and early adulthood: a twenty-year longitudinal study.
TLDR
The results support Bowlby's hypothesis that individual differences in attachment security can be stable across significant portions of the lifespan and yet remain open to revision in light of experience. Expand
The Adult Attachment Interview
Without exception, sadomasochistic subjects (n =48), unlike controls (n =35), are found to have developed insecure internal models of personal attachment, as a result of childhoods which were allExpand
Integration of the cognitive and the psychodynamic unconscious.
  • S. Epstein
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1994
Cognitive-experiential self-theory integrates the cognitive and the psychodynamic unconscious by assuming the existence of two parallel, interacting modes of information processing: a rational systemExpand
Children's production and recall of narrative passages
Abstract To develop a scale of organization in narrative passages, adults were asked to produce passages based on prompt words. From 30 passages generated in Experiment 1, a 7-point scale wasExpand
The Development of the Person: The Minnesota Study of Risk and Adaptation from Birth to Adulthood
TLDR
Since the early 1970s, Sroufe, Egeland, Carlson, Collins and others have been following a large cohort of children from the sixth month of the mother’s pregnancy through to the present, demonstrating that development is a lawful, understandable and predictable process when there have been multiple methods of assessment from multiple independent sources. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...