The association of in vitro arachidonic acid responsiveness and plasma thromboxane levels with early platelet deposition on the luminal surface of small-diameter grafts.

Abstract

The response of canine platelets to arachidonic acid (AA) stimulation was studied as a predictor of thrombotic potential. Fifty mongrel dogs underwent in vitro platelet aggregation studies with adenosine diphosphate (ADP), collagen, and AA used as inducing agents. Thirty-two dogs were selected on the basis of their response to AA stimulation. Platelet aggregation in response to AA stimulation occurred in 16 (responders) and 16 showed no aggregatory response (nonresponders). The animals were divided into four groups. Group I received no antiplatelet agents (control); group II received U-63,557A, a specific thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (TSI); group III received aspirin; and group IV received aspirin and TSI. Polytetrafluoroethylene grafts were implanted in the carotid and femoral arteries of the dogs in all four groups. Plasma thromboxane (TxB2) levels were drawn before drug treatment and 4 weeks after surgery. Platelet deposition on the luminal surface of the implanted grafts was studied in vivo with a technique that uses both 111In-labeled platelets and 99mTc-labeled red blood cells and was expressed as percentage of indium excess (%IE). Group I (control) dogs whose platelets aggregated in response to AA stimulation had significantly higher 24-hour platelet deposition (%IE) on the luminal surface of implanted grafts (p less than 0.02), lower 4-week graft patency (p less than 0.002), and higher plasma TxB2 levels (p less than 0.01) than those dogs whose platelets did not aggregate. In contrast to the results of AA stimulation, neither ADP nor collagen responsiveness was discriminatory for the thrombotic potential of canine arteries as measured by 24-hour platelet deposition (%IE), 4-week graft patency, or plasma TxB2 levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Freeman1988TheAO, title={The association of in vitro arachidonic acid responsiveness and plasma thromboxane levels with early platelet deposition on the luminal surface of small-diameter grafts.}, author={Michael B Freeman and Gregorio A. Sicard and Laure Valentin and Shira Neuberger and Martin J. Mangino and Christopher B. Anderson}, journal={Journal of vascular surgery}, year={1988}, volume={7 4}, pages={554-61} }