The association of blood transfusion with mortality after cardiac surgery: cause or confounding? (CME).

@article{Dixon2013TheAO,
  title={The association of blood transfusion with mortality after cardiac surgery: cause or confounding? (CME).},
  author={Barry Dixon and John D. Santamaria and David Reid and Marnie Collins and Thomas Rechnitzer and Andrew E. Newcomb and Ian Nixon and Michael Y Yii and Alexander Rosalion and Duncan J Campbell},
  journal={Transfusion},
  year={2013},
  volume={53 1},
  pages={19-27}
}
BACKGROUND Bleeding into the chest is a life-threatening complication of cardiac surgery. Blood transfusion has been implicated as an important cause of harm associated with bleeding, based largely on studies demonstrating an independent association between transfusion and mortality. These studies did not, however, consider the possibility that bleeding may in itself be harmful, inasmuch as drains are inefficient at clearing blood from the chest and retained blood may compromise cardiac and… CONTINUE READING
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