The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave

@article{Campana2006TheAO,
  title={The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave},
  author={Sergio Campana and Vanessa Mangano and Alexander J. Blustin and Peter. J. Brown and David N. Burrows and Guido L. Chincarini and Jay R. Cummings and G Cusumano and Massimo Della Valle and Daniele B. Malesani and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and J A Nousek and M J Page and Takanori Sakamoto and Eli Waxman and B. B. Zhang and Z. G. Dai and N. C. Gehrels and Stefan Immler and F. E. Marshall and Keith O. Mason and Alberto Moretti and P. T. O’Brien and Julian P. Osborne and Kim L. Page and Patrizia Romano and P. W. A. Roming and Gianpiero Tagliaferri and Lynn R. Cominsky and Paolo Giommi and Olivier Godet and Jamie A. Kennea and Hans A. Krimm and Lorella Angelini and Scott Douglas Barthelmy and Patricia T. Boyd and David M. Palmer and Alan A. Wells and Nicholas E. White},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2006},
  volume={442},
  pages={1008-1010}
}
Although the link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, hitherto there have been no observations of the beginning of a supernova explosion and its intimate link to a GRB. In particular, we do not know how the jet that defines a γ-ray burst emerges from the star's surface, nor how a GRB progenitor explodes. Here we report observations of the relatively nearby GRB 060218 (ref. 5) and its connection to supernova SN 2006aj (ref. 6). In addition to the classical non… 

Shock break-out: how a GRB revealed the beginnings of a supernova

  • A. Blustin
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2007
TLDR
The Swift observations of GRB 060218, the first ever direct observations of the break-out and early expansion of a supernova shock wave, and the new questions and answers it leaves us with are presented.

GRB 060218: A Relativistic Supernova Shock Breakout

We show that the prompt and afterglow X-ray emission of GRB 060218, as well as its early (t ≲ 1 day) optical-UV emission, can be explained by a model in which a radiation-mediated shock propagates

Did we observe the supernova shock breakout in GRB 060218

The early optical data of GRB 060218 (the first 105 s after the trigger) have been interpreted as blackbody emission associated with the shock breakout of the associated supernova. If so, it is

GRB 060218 and GRBs associated with supernovae Ib/c

Context. The Swift satellite has given continuous data in the range 0.3–150 keV from 0 s to 10 6 s for GRB 060218 associated with SN2006aj. This Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) which has an unusually long

Astrophysics: Shock breakout caught on camera

TLDR
The spectra and light curve of SN 2006aj was modelled to show that it had a much smaller explosion energy and ejected much less mass than other GRB-supernovae, suggesting that it was produced by a star with a mass was only about 20 times that of the Sun, leaving behind a neutron star, rather than a black hole.

Low-Luminosity GRB 060218: A Collapsar Jet from a Neutron Star, Leaving a Magnetar as a Remnant?

The gamma-ray burst (GRB) 060218 has a luminosity ~105 times lower than that of typical long GRBs and is associated with a supernova (SN). The radio afterglow displays no jet break, so this burst

GRB060218 AS A TIDAL DISRUPTION OF A WHITE DWARF BY AN INTERMEDIATE-MASS BLACK HOLE

The highly unusual pair of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) GRB060218 and an associated supernova, SN2006aj, has puzzled theorists for years. A supernova shock breakout and a jet from a newborn stellar mass

GRB 081007 AND GRB 090424: THE SURROUNDING MEDIUM, OUTFLOWS, AND SUPERNOVAE

We discuss the results of the analysis of multi-wavelength data for the afterglows of GRB 081007 and GRB 090424, two bursts detected by Swift. One of them, GRB 081007, also shows a spectroscopically

Relativistic ejecta from X-ray flash XRF 060218 and the rate of cosmic explosions

TLDR
Radio and X-ray observations of XRF 060218 (associated with supernova SN 2006aj), the second-nearest GRB identified until now, are reported, showing that this event is a hundred times less energetic but ten times more common than cosmological GRBs.

Prompt and Afterglow Emission Properties of Gamma-Ray Bursts with Spectroscopically Identified Supernovae

We present a detailed spectral analysis of the prompt and afterglow emission of four nearby long-soft gamma-ray bursts (GRBs 980425, 030329, 031203, and 060218) that were spectroscopically found to
...

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