The association between tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder.

  title={The association between tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder.},
  author={Marc A Fagelson},
  journal={American journal of audiology},
  volume={16 2},
  • M. Fagelson
  • Published 1 December 2007
  • Medicine
  • American journal of audiology
PURPOSE Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects nearly 10% of the population, a prevalence comparable with that of tinnitus. Similarities between the way PTSD and tinnitus influence auditory behaviors include exaggerated startle responses and decreased loudness tolerance. Tinnitus loudness is often exacerbated by sounds that trigger PTSD-related anxiety. This report addresses physical and psychological relations between PTSD and tinnitus. METHOD A chart review of veterans seen over a 4… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Alleviates Tinnitus-Related Distress Among Veterans: A Pilot Study.

This pilot study demonstrated that clinical management addressing psychiatric distress, as associated with PTSD, may simultaneously provide benefit for patients with bothersome tinnitus.

Tinnitus and Traumatic Memory

This brief summary considered literature from both the hearing and trauma disciplines, with the goal of reviewing mechanisms shared between tinnitus and PTSD, as well as clinical reports supporting mutual reinforcement of both their symptoms and the effects of therapeutic approaches.

The Correlation of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory with Depression and Anxiety in Veterans with Tinnitus

The data support the need for multidisciplinary intervention of veterans with tinnitus, as a majority of patients withTinnitus exhibited anxiety and depression, and these patients suffered more severe tinnitis than did patients without Anxiety and depression.

Tinnitus Self-Efficacy and Other Tinnitus Self-Report Variables in Patients With and Without Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Tinnitus self-efficacy, along with other self-assessed tinnitus characteristics, varied across groups distinguished by PH diagnoses, and the results reiterated the unique ability of PTSD to interact in powerful and disturbing ways with the tinn Titus experience and with patients’ coping ability.

A Longitudinal Exploration of Self-Reported Hearing Loss, Tinnitus, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Outcomes in Australian Veterans

Although self-reported tinnitus and hearing loss are prevalent among veterans, those with severe hearing impairments are unlikely to be represented in this context and there is a need for psychological treatments that are accessible to patients with severe Hearing impairments.

Association Of Tinnitus With Depression And Anxiety In Hypertensive Patients

Tinnitus is strongly linked to anxiety and depression, according to the findings, and patients with hypertension should be screened for mental illness because of the strong connection between tinnitus, depression, and anxiety.

Tinnitus and anxiety disorders: A review

Tinnitus, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Military

Tinnitus may serve as a significant contributor to symptoms of TBI and PTSD, and tinnitus subtypes could be identified as physiologically or psychologically based, or both.

Impact of TBI, PTSD, and Hearing Loss on Tinnitus Progression in a US Marine Cohort.

Screening for pre-existing or individual symptoms of PTSD, TBI, and hearing loss may allow for more focused treatment programs of comorbid disorders.



The psychological management of chronic tinnitus : a cognitive-behavioral approach

This book discusses psychological Interventions in the Management of Chronic Tinnitus: Efficacy of Treatment, Relationship between Subjective Severity of Tinn Titus and Objective Audiological Parameters, and the Relationship between Distress and Psychological Variables.

Anxiety and depression in tinnitus sufferers.

Tinnitus among Cambodian refugees: relationship to PTSD severity.

Tinnitus-related trauma associations and catastrophic cognitions mediated the effect of tinnitus severity on Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) severity.

Characterization of tinnitus by tinnitus patients.

Tinnitus was not an occasional phenomenon, but was present for more than 26 days per month in 74% of the patients and in patients diagnosed as having Ménière's syndrome tinnitus, which suggests some patients had normal hearing or mild hearing losses.

Tinnitus and insomnia.

Tinnitus severity, loudness, and depression

  • R. FolmerS. GriestM. MeikleW. Martin
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 1999

Similarities between severe tinnitus and chronic pain.

  • A. Møller
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
  • 2000
The symptoms and signs of severe tinnitus and chronic pain have many similarities and similar hypotheses have been presented regarding how the symptoms are generated, including changes in the nervous system that occur as a result of neural plasticity.

Expanding the biological basis of tinnitus: crossmodal origins and the role of neuroplasticity

  • A. Cacace
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Hearing Research
  • 2003

Cognitive aspects of tinnitus patient management.

To accomplish this, maladaptive behaviors and thought patterns must be identified and then systematically altered via a program specifically designed for the individual via a procedure analogous to many precepts governing aural rehabilitation.

Psychometric adequacy of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) for evaluating treatment outcome.

It is concluded that the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory is a brief, easily administered, and psychometrically robust measure that evaluates the impact of tinnitus on daily living.