The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders.

@article{Bransfield2008TheAB,
  title={The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders.},
  author={Robert C Bransfield and J S Wulfman and William T. Harvey and Anju Usman},
  journal={Medical hypotheses},
  year={2008},
  volume={70 5},
  pages={
          967-74
        }
}
Chronic infectious diseases, including tick-borne infections such as Borrelia burgdorferi may have direct effects, promote other infections and create a weakened, sensitized and immunologically vulnerable state during fetal development and infancy leading to increased vulnerability for developing autism spectrum disorders. A dysfunctional synergism with other predisposing and contributing factors may contribute to autism spectrum disorders by provoking innate and adaptive immune reactions to… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 CITATIONS

Lack of serum antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in children with autism.

  • Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI
  • 2013
VIEW 4 EXCERPTS
HIGHLY INFLUENCED

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES

Elevated TNF found in CSF of autistic children. CNS News 2007;9:4

AN Wilner
  • 2007
VIEW 5 EXCERPTS
HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL

Systemic intracellular bacterial infections in neurodegenerative (MS, ALS) and behavioral disorders (ASD)

GL Nicholson
  • Infect Dis Newslett
  • 2007
VIEW 5 EXCERPTS
HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL

Borrelia Attack Models

A. MacDonald
  • New Haven Lyme Conf
  • 2007
VIEW 1 EXCERPT

Elevated TNF found in CSF of autistic children

AN Wilner
  • CNS News
  • 2007

Functional Neuroimaging findings in Chronic LYD; research as a tool to solve medical controversies

Moeller
  • Lyme and TBD research cen Columbia Univ
  • 2007
VIEW 1 EXCERPT

Immunology of Lyme disease and associated disorders

A. Vojdani
  • LIA Conf
  • 2007
VIEW 1 EXCERPT

Informal Lyme-autism study: a preliminary report

T. Duncan
  • LIA Conf
  • 2007
VIEW 1 EXCERPT

Is this recently characterized GI pathogen responsible for rising rates of IBD associated autism in Europe and the US? Med Hypotheses 2007;69(3):652–9

KF Boorom
  • 2007