The association between secondhand smoke and sleep‐disordered breathing in children: A systematic review

  title={The association between secondhand smoke and sleep‐disordered breathing in children: A systematic review},
  author={Sebastian M Jara and James R. Benke and Sandra Y. Lin and Stacey L. Ishman},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
To systematically review existing literature on the association between secondhand smoke and sleep‐disordered breathing in children. 

Association between air pollution and sleep disordered breathing in children

Examination of potential associations between the exposure to different air pollutants and SDB symptoms in children found no clear link between exposure and symptoms.

Pediatric sleep disordered breathing: a narrative review

The impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pediatric patients, the presentation and phenotypic variations, sleep disordered breathing in special populations, screening for suspectedSleep apnea, diagnosis and management of pediatric OSA are discussed.

Shared and unique individual risk factors and clinical biomarkers in children with allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are different diseases, but have some similar risk factors.

Parental reports showed that snoring in infants at three and eight months associated with snoring parents and smoking mothers

This prospective study examined the prevalence of snoring during infancy and the prenatal and postnatal risk factors for this condition.


The Educational level and prenatal smoking exposure were significantly associated with disturbance in the sleep duration of the Lebanese children and this study contributes in raising the family awareness about the potential harm of second hand smoke and its impact on possible sleep disorders in children.

Prevalence of Sleep-disordered Breathing and its Association with Obesity among Saudi Schoolchildren.

The results will help in identifying children at high risk of developing SDB and plan for early intervention to avoid the progression of SDB later in life.

Indoor/outdoor not-voluptuary-habit pollution and sleep-disordered breathing in children: a systematic review.

The results suggest an involvement (grade C) of environmental air pollution in the worsening of sleep-disordered breathing in children.



Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea in Thai school‐age children: Prevalence and predisposing factors

The prevalence of habitual snoring and its associations with tonsillar size, allergic rhinitis, obesity, and parental smoking, as well as prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea, are studied in a sample of children aged 6–13 years from seven randomly selected schools in Hat yai, Southern Thailand.

Associations Between Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Sleep Patterns in Children

Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with increased sleep problems among children with asthma, including longer sleep-onset delay, sleep-disordered breathing, parasomnias, and overall sleep disturbance.

Parental smoking, nasal resistance and rhinitis in children

To assess tonsillar size, nasopharyngeal airway and upper airway surgery frequency in children with smoking and non‐smoking parents, and to determine whether parent‐reported perennial rhinitis or objectively measured nasal resistance is more common in children from smoking families.

Snore-Associated Sleep Fragmentation in Infancy: Mental Development Effects and Contribution of Secondhand Cigarette Smoke Exposure

Findings constitute additional evidence that snoring is not just an innocent noise during sleep in infants but may in fact represent the lower end of the disease spectrum associated with sleep-disordered breathing.

[Smoking and sleep disorders].

An update on childhood snoring

Treatment includes general measures like treatment of allergic rhinitis, weight reduction in obese children, and avoidance of sleep deprivation, and specific measures include removal of adenoid and tonsils.

Inflammation and Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children: A State‐of‐the‐Art Review

The role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of sleep‐disordered breathing in pediatric patients and the potential therapeutic implications of anti‐inflammatory treatments is examined.

Risk factors for sleep‐related hypoxia in primary school children

The data suggest that overweight, passive smoking, respiratory allergies, and acute lung disease may independently contribute to sleep‐related hypoxia in children.

Prevalence of snoring and symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing in primary school children in istanbul.

Habitual snoring is a significant problem for children and may be associated with diurnal symptoms, and exposure to cigarette smoke and the presence of asthma and hay fever increased the likelihood of habitual snoring.