The association between childhood trauma, parental bonding and depressive symptoms and interpersonal functioning in depression and bipolar disorder

  title={The association between childhood trauma, parental bonding and depressive symptoms and interpersonal functioning in depression and bipolar disorder},
  author={Mary G. Marshall and C. Shannon and Ciaran Meenagh and N Mc Corry and Ciaran Mulholland},
  journal={Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine},
  pages={23 - 32}
Objectives This study explores rates of a history of childhood trauma in adult patients with bipolar disorder and depression and the impact of such trauma and parental bonding patterns on depressive mood and interpersonal functioning at the time of assessment. Methods A cross-sectional design was used and a sample of 49 participants was recruited from a mental health outpatient service in Northern Ireland. Data were subject to correlations, one-way analysis of variance and hierarchal regression… 

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