The association between breastfeeding, maternal smoking in utero, and birth weight with bone mass and fractures in adolescents: a 16-year longitudinal study

@article{Jones2012TheAB,
  title={The association between breastfeeding, maternal smoking in utero, and birth weight with bone mass and fractures in adolescents: a 16-year longitudinal study},
  author={Graeme Jones and Kristen L Hynes and Terence Dwyer},
  journal={Osteoporosis International},
  year={2012},
  volume={24},
  pages={1605-1611}
}
The aim of this birth cohort study was to determine whether early life factors (birth weight, breastfeeding, and maternal smoking) were associated with bone mass and fractures in 16-year-old adolescents. The results suggest that breastfeeding is associated with higher bone mass and lower fracture risk at age 16 but not in utero smoking or birth weight. There are limited data on early life influences on bone mass in adolescence but we have previously reported in utero smoking, breastfeeding, and… CONTINUE READING
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